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Factsheets Storybuilder - Causes per type of accident: machines and handheld tools

Serious accidents can be prevented when more insight into the underlying causes is available. The analyses presented here zoom in on important factors and direct and underlying causes for all types of accident.

Trapped between/against
Contact with swinging or hanging objects
Contact with moving parts of a machine
Contact with flying/ejected objects
Hit by rolling/sliding object or person
Contact with handheld tool operated by self
Contact with object person is carrying or using


Trapped between/against

Accidents where the victim is trapped between a machine as a whole (or major part) and an object (including construction parts such as walls, sliding doors, etc.) or between objects if moved by a machine. It does not involve accidents where the victim is trapped in a single machine.
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Contact with swinging or hanging objects

Contact refers to contact of body (parts) with these swinging or moving loads or (hanging) objects including hanging loads and counterweights/upperworks.
Download factsheet (PDF, 366 KB)

Contact with moving parts of a machine

Accidents where the victim works with machines (including startup, testing, adjusting, enter \ placing products, etc.), or is in the immediate vicinity (less than 2 meters) from the latter. A machine is not a hand tool or computer. Examples of machines are machines for processing and handling of materials (such as lathes, drills, saws, cutting machines, presses), machines for surface preparation (scraping, sanding, cleaning), for assembly, for conditioning, filling or packaging, transport (conveyors example) tires, tillage and agricultural machinery, pumps, fans, compressors, drives, motors, etc.
Download factsheet (PDF, 422 KB)

Contact with flying/ejected objects

Accidents in which the victim comes into contact with flying or ejected objects. These accidents include objects being ejected by mechanical impact, by a machine or other souce of energy (wind, air, thrown by man, etc.).
Download factsheet (PDF, 372KB)

Hit by rolling/sliding object or person

Accidents where the victim works with or during work is in the immediate vicinity of objects (not vehicles) against which you can roll, slide or slide. Examples are: (stacked) sheets, rods, pipes, containers, boxes, barrels, bricks, sand or other loose materials.
Download factsheet (PDF, 367KB)

Contact with handheld tool operated by self

Accidents where the victim works with hand tools. With hand tools is meant knives, hammers, pincers, screwdrivers, electric drills, saws, staplers, garden tools, etc.
Download factsheet (PDF, 368KB)

Contact with object person is carrying or using

Accidents where the victim during the work is:

  • in the immediate proximity of someone who works with hand tools. Tools include knives, hammers, pincers, screwdrivers, electric drills, saws, staplers, garden tools, etc.. or
  • at risk of injury from contact with an object (other than hand tools) that they themselves or someone else's is using, carrying or moving. For example, during activities such as: the hand-moving or carrying of loads, materials or products, connection and disconnection of objects such as trailers, manual loading, unloading or moving (heavy) objects or manually handling objects with sharp edges or (whether or not hinged) parts between which they can be trapped. 

Download factsheet (PDF, 372KB)

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