Development of sediment toxicity tests ; I: Acute toxicity of sediment contaminated with chlorpyriphos to Daphnia magna and Chironomus riparius
Ontwikkeling van sedimenttoxiciteits-toetsen ; I. De acute toxiciteit van sediment gecontamineerd met chloorpyrifos voor Daphnia magna en Chironomus riparius
Roghair CJ , Wolters MAH , Huijs MPA
RIVM Report 719102004
This report presents the first experiments carried out in a study to develop standardized sediment toxicity tests. The acute toxicities of chlorpyriphos to the waterflea Daphnia magna and the midge larvae Chironomus riparius were determined in a sediment/water system, pore water and two elutriates. The methods chosed fulfilled requirements of toxicity testing regarding the choice of test species, duration, possibilities for standardization and easiness to conduct. The toxicity of chlorpyriphos appeared not to be dependent on the systems used. The nominal 96 hr-EC50 of chlorpyriphos to D.magna was 0.45 mg/kg dw in an elutriate and 0.42 mg/kg dw in the other test systems. The nominal 96 hr LC50 for C.riparius was 0.09 mg/kg dw in the sediment/water-system and 0.14-0.24 mg/kg dw in the other systems.