[Impact of the Betuwe-line on NOx- and CO2-emissions.]
Effecten van de betuweroute op NOx- en CO2-emissies
26 May 2012, PDF |
40 pages |
Wee GP van , Thomas R , Dunnewold W , Heuvel M van den
RIVM Report 251701015
The impact of the Betuwe-line, a new rail line from the harbour of Rotterdam to Germany, on CO2 and NOx emissions from the Netherlands depends on: *- Emission rates from rail lines versus alternative transport modes *- The amount of extra goods transported via the Netherlands *- The mode of transport of goods transported via the Netherlands. Now and in 2010/2015 emission factors for CO2 and NO2 per tonne kilometer are much higher for lorries than for inland shipping and rail transport. NOx emission factors for rail transport are even lower than for inland shipping. Of all goods that will be transported on the Betuwe line a maximum of 50% will be transported through other countries if the Betuwe-line is not constructed. The Betuwe-line will attract more goods from inland shipping than from road haulage. Depending on the shift between inland shipping, lorries and other countries in a situation without the Betuwe-line, total CO2 and NOx emissions from the transport of goods on the Dutch territory will be diminished by 0-2.5% as a result of the construction of the Betuwe-line.