Use and emissions of CFCs and related substances in the Netherlands in 1993 and 1994
Gebruik en emissies van CFK's en aanverwante stoffen in Nederland in 1993 en 1994
27 May 2012, PDF |
31 pages |
RIVM Report 773001009
Use and emissions in the Netherlands of CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs, tetrachloromethane, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, methyl bromide en halones in 1993 and 1994. The use and emissions of CFCs, halons, tetrachloromethane and 1,1,1,-trichloroethane are decreasing. In view of the ban on CFCs (per 1 January 1995), halons (per 1 March 1994) and 1,1,1-trichloroethane (per 1 January 1996), the only possible sources of emissions, besides production for third world countries, are current stockpiles ; no new compounds will be produced. The emissions of these substances will therefore sharply decrease in the coming years and will only issue from mainly foam and, to a limited extent, from installations (fire extinguishers and cold storage). The use of HCFCs as subsitutes for CFCs is still on the increase. According to European legislation there is a ceiling placed on their use until 2003 ; this will be followed by a phasing-out, ending with a ban on their use in 2015. Possible substitutes for HCFCs are HFCs. In contrast to HCFCs, HFCs do not break down the ozone layer but make a larger contribution to the greenhouse effect. Little is known about the use and emissions of HFCs. Particularly the future use of the latter demands further investigation.