Traffic and transport in the National environmental balance 1997
Verkeer en vervoer in de Milieubalans 1997
Annema JA , Brink RMM van den
RIVM Report 251701033
This report is the background document for the transport sector in the third National Environmental Balance (MB97). In the period 1986-1996 the increase in car use was 124 (index 1986=100). The aim of Dutch policy is a maximum growth of 135 index points for the period 1986-2010. It is concluded that in the first ten years of the period 1986-2010 about 70% of the permitted growth was realised. The use of lorries grew by 36% in the period 1986-1996. The aim of Dutch policy is a maximum growth of 40% for the period 1986-2010. Dutch environmental policy did not result in a decrease or stabilisation of CO2-emissions of road transport in 1996. Price policy has had some effect: if in the period 1990-1996 fuel taxes would not have been increased, the CO2-emissions of cars would have been approximately 7% higher. Dutch environmental policy has resulted in lower emissions of NOx, SO2, HC, benzene, CO, lead and PM10 of road transport in 1996 compared to the levels in 1986. The effect of the environmental policy of Dutch provinces in the period 1986-1996 was relatively modest for the sector traffic and transport. The policy resulted in maximum 1% less growth of car traffic in this period and a few percents less noise hindered areas (in square kilometres). In the Netherlands two methods are used to calculate CO2-emissions for the sector traffic and transport. One is based on energy-use on Dutch territory, the other is based on fuel sales for inland use (the 'IPCC' method). It is concluded that the IPCC method is not suitable for evaluation of Dutch environmental policy aimed at decreasing CO2-emissions, because there is no direct link between the development of the CO2-emissions and the development of fuel sales for inland use.