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Registration of foodborne infections and intoxications examined by Municipal Health Services and Food Inspection Services, 2001

Registratie van voedselinfecties en -vergiftigingen onderzocht door GGD's en Keuringsdiensten van Waren, 2001

Synopsis

In this report data are presented on foodborne infections and intoxications in the Netherlands in 2001. Data are based on notifications by consumers to the Food Inspection Services and on statutory notifications by physicians to the Inspectorate for Health Care. In 2001, the number of outbreaks notified to the Inspectorate has increased to 101, compared to an annual total of 70-90 in the previous years. However, because the notified outbreaks were relatively small, the number of affected individuals decreased from 2000 to 2001. This trend is not reflected in the data from the Food Inspection Services, that merely show the opposite. The number of reported incidents in 2001 (516) was similar to previous years (506 in 2000), but the number of affected individuals increased (1878 in 2001 versus 1698 in 2000). At the Food Inspection Services, a probable cause for the foodborne infections and intoxications was found for 12% of the incidents. Bacillus cereus (3.9%) was most frequently reported, followed by Salmonella (1.4%). At the Inspectorate for Health Care, for 80% of the outbreaks additional information, including causative agent, was available and in 59% of these a causative agent was reported. Salmonella was most frequently identified (38%), followed by Campylobacter (11%) and Norwalk-like virus (6%). Because viruses are not included routinely in the investigations, they are probably a much more important cause of foodborne infections than is currently recognized in the Netherlands.
 

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