The occurrence of Carcinogenic, Mutagenic and Reprotoxic (CMR) substances in consumer preparations
Het voorkomen van Carcinogene, Mutagene en Reproductietoxische (CMR-) stoffen in consumentenpreparaten
26 May 2012, PDF |
63 pages |
Muller JJA, Bos PMJ
RIVM Report 320010001
The general public is protected from the effects of Carcinogenic, Mutagenic and Reprotoxic (CMR) substances partly by banning the sale of preparations containing classified CMR substances (Annex I of 67/548/EEC) at levels above the limit concentration for exposure of the general public. It is therefore important that consumer preparations are checked for the presence of these substances and that, in addition, potential CMR substances are assessed for inclusion in Annex I of 67/548/EEC. A search was made for potential CMR substances in electronically accessible databases, after which a list of 514 potential CMR substances not found in Annex 1 could be compiled. The occurrence of CMR category 1 and 2 substances, and of additional potential CMR substances, in consumer preparations was checked against the SPIN database, an initiative of the Nordic countries. A total of 146 Annex I substances for the CMR categories 1 and 2, and 24 potential CMR substances were found to be present in consumer preparations used in the Nordic countries. It cannot be ruled out that these substances will also be present in consumer preparations used in the Netherlands. A quantitative estimate of the potential exposure to CMR substances was not possible due to the lack of an adequate database of consumer preparations showing actual concentrations.