26 May 2012, PDF |
36 pages |
van Wezel AP, van der Weijden AGG, van Wijnen HJ, Mulder C, van Wijnen HJ
RIVM Report 500025002
Changes in land use in the Netherlands are anticipated on a large scale. Soil quality, however, hardly plays a role in spatial planning, which was reason enough to analyse the relationship between land use and soil quality on a national scale using ecological data. Despite major changes in land use, the strong linkage between land use and soil type was seen to continue. Soil management practices, historical land use and the geographical situation influence the relationship between land use and soil properties; the influence of land use on several soil properties is also discernable. Thus soil biodiversity can be said to be influenced by farming intensity. Land use is not always situated in areas where benefits in terms of yield are high. Less than 20% of the arable farming and pasture is situated on unsuitable soil, whereas over 40% of the forests grow on unsuitable soil. Region-specific environmental policy offers many possibilities for differentiation according to land use. It is also possible to match occurring soil quality to both existing and desired land use.