26 May 2012, PDF |
85 pages |
Struijs J, van de Meent D, Peijnenburg WJGM, Heugens E, de Jong W, Hagens W, de Heer C, Hofman J, Roex E
RIVM Report 607030001
In the coming years we will become more aware of nanotechnology. Nanoparticles offer new possibilities because they are small. Nanotechnology is already used for example in car paint, car tyres, shoe spray and sun cream. Therefore the market for nanotechnology is growing at a terrific pace. Researchers and users are agreed: the importance of this new technology will be great. However with new technology comes uncertainty. No one can yet estimate what the exact advantages and disadvantages are. The increased use and growing (social) attention for the risks from nanotechnology provoked the need for an elaborate literature study into the possible uses and risks. This study is aimed specifically at the aquatic environment and drinking water. The report 'Nanoparticles in water' is a combined project by Rijkswaterstaat, Kiwa Water Research, Vewin and the RIVM, the latter being designated by the Government as 'observation point nanotechnology'. The study provides, from the available information, a summary of opportunities and threats from nanotechnology in relation to water. It covers the effects known up until now from nanoparticles on the aquatic environment and on humans. In addition it identifies areas where further research is necessary in order to gain a better understanding of risks. Finally the report covers the national and European legislation related to nanoparticles. There appear to be many loose ends as a result of which risks cannot be correctly estimated. In short: a summary report that provides insight into the scientific state of knowledge concerning nanotechnology in relation to water. Thereby it creates a start for further research and can be used as an aid for policy and legislation.