Environmental radioactivity in the Netherlands : Results in 2008
Radioactiviteit in het Nederlandse milieu : Resultaten in 2008
05 July 2012, PDF |
46 pages |
RIVM Report 610791003
The Member States of the European Union have the obligation to measure radioactivity in the environment yearly, as stated in the Euratom Treaty of 1957. The Netherlands fulfilled this obligation also in 2008. In 2000 Euratom made recommendations to perform the measurements according to a certain outline, however Member States are not obliged to comply with these recommendations. In 2008, the Netherlands complied to the Euratom recommendations. Except for the determination of strontium-90 in mixed diet, which was not carried out. Measurements in air and environment show normal levels. Polonium-210 in deposition has the highest level since 1993 (about double the normal quantity). This might partially be explained by Saharan dust which was deposited throughout the Netherlands during the end of May. Radioactivity levels in food and milk were below the export and consumption limits set by the European Union. Since 2008, additional data on radioactivity levels in food have been added to this report. The additional data originate from RIKILT - Insitute of Food Safety. Target values in fresh water were exceeded for some radionuclides and locations, however these exceedings do not pose a threat to the public health. Target values are values that should preferably not be exceeded, however they are not limits.