Development of a protocol to evaluate bacterial resistance in response to household disinfectants : A feasibility study
Montforts MHMM, de Jonge R, Franz E, Geraets L, Rietveld AG
RIVM Report 2015-0070
Consumers currently have access to a wide range of antimicrobial disinfectants, including cleaning products and hand soap. There is concern that bacteria may develop resistance against these products. This could also increase bacterial resistance against antibiotics.
It is therefore relevant to investigate if the use of these products actually results in bacterial resistance, and to do so before a product receives marketing authorization. A feasibility study performed by RIVM concludes that there is currently no method available for assessing resistance prior to marketing authorization. Although it is possible to develop tests and scenarios for this purpose, this would be expensive and time-consuming due to the wide range of available substances and products with various intended uses. As a result, it is difficult to identify the circumstances and product quantities that may lead to the development of resistance.
RIVM recommends developing such an assessment method internationally, and recommends post market surveillance to monitor possible development of resistance.