Regelgeving stoffen in het binnenmilieu : In Nederland en andere EU-landen. Een verkennende studie (Dutch only, English synopsis)
RIVM Report 2016-0112
Various laws, guidelines, and decrees exist that apply to substances that can end up in the indoor environment. The RIVM has taken stock of how regulations pertaining to the indoor environment in the Netherlands relate to those in other EU countries. Such regulations exist primarily at European level. In addition, several countries have also established national regulations. These national laws and regulations apply, for example, to the labelling of building products and decorative products in relation to the emission of volatile organic substances, the monitoring of the indoor environment in homes and public buildings, and national standards for emissions released by building products and floor coverings. Compared to France, Belgium, and Germany, the Netherlands has fewer national regulations in place for improving the quality of the indoor environment.
Chemical substances from a wide range of materials, including building materials, surface layers applied to walls, floor coverings, electronics, furniture, clothing, toys, air fresheners, cleaning agents, and tobacco products, can end up in the air inside buildings. European regulations do exist with regard to the presence of substances in specific products and materials and, in some countries, with regard to emissions from products and materials. However, there is an almost total lack of specific regulations that apply to the concentrations of substances present in the indoor air and the level of exposure to these substances. As a result, insufficient attention is paid to situations in which people are exposed to substances from several sources. The same is true of the exposure to various substances that have the same mechanism of action. There is little or no information available on the concentrations of substances in the indoor environment. The indoor environment in the Netherlands is not being monitored, and there is hardly any supervision or enforcement activity in that regard, due to a lack of legal standards and requirements.
This study is based on EU regulations and national regulations, primarily in France, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Great Britain, and the Scandinavian countries. Based on relevant documents and talks with experts, an exploratory inventory has been made of regulations that apply to the indoor environment. Due to the exploratory nature of the study, no detailed review of the available literature was carried out.