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Concentration limit value for substances of very high concern in waste streams

Concentratiegrenswaarde voor ZZS in afvalstromen

Synopsis

Currently there are all kinds of ongoing initiatives to recycle waste streams (circular economy). Regulations exist to prevent hazardous substances from ending up in the environment. Waste which contains substances of very high concern are subject to specific strict rules which provide a basis for deciding whether they can be recycled or should be disposed of. These regulations are part of the national waste management plan (LAP3), which is currently being compiled.

Several legislative frameworks exist to assess and limit the risks of substances of very high concern and these specify a wide range of concentration limits. In order to simplify the assessment for waste streams, RIVM has developed a decision scheme. An authorisation holder can use this to decide whether the waste stream can be safely recycled. In connection with this decision scheme, a general concentration limit value has been set for waste streams that contain substances of very high concern. If this limit value is exceeded, an assessment has to be made as to whether the waste should be disposed of or whether it can be recycled. This risk analysis will be worked out in detail in a following phase.

The general concentration limit value that applies to substances of very high concern in waste is set to 0.1 percent, while stricter, substance-specific concentration limits apply to a number of these substances. If the waste contains lower concentrations and can therefore be recycled, the type of product determines which concentration limit values for the substances of very high concern have to be complied with. For example, stricter standards apply to toys and cosmetics.

The general concentration limit value is determined on the basis of concentration limits for substances of very high concern in the current legislation and regulations. The most important legal frameworks which have been consulted on this issue are the regulations for Classification, Labelling and Packaging (CLP), the European chemical substances regulation (REACH) and the regulation for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP). The European Waste Framework Directive is also important.


To reference/ cite  this report use:  DOI 10.21945/RIVM-2017-0099

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