Rubber granulate is used on synthetic turf fields to give them the properties of a natural grass field. It is made from rubber tyres. RIVM was instructed by the Dutch Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport Edith Schippers (VWS) to conduct research into rubber granulate.
SPADE is implemented in a freely available, open-source software for statistical computing. Here you can find all available files and documentation.
For over one hundred years, RIVM has been applying its knowledge for the benefit of society. That knowledge represents various disciplines, all of which combine to serve the interests of public health and the environment.
Medical devices are products which are covered by the Medical Devices Act. In practice, this comes down to all the equipment, software and consumables which are used in healthcare, with the exception of medicines. The National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) performs laboratory and desk research (e.g. literature research and reviews of manufacturers’ product files) for medical devices, with patient safety as the primary focus.
Electromagnetic fields are omnipresent in daily life. They can arise as a by-product of the generation, transport and use of electricity. They can also be deliberately generated to heat materials or transmit information. RIVM conducts scientific research on exposure to electromagnetic fields, their possible health effects and risk perception and communication. RIVM also provides scientific advice and support to policy makers, mainly at the ministries responsible for public policy on sources of electromagnetic fields and their inspectorates (Infrastructure and Environment, Social Affairs and Employment, Economic Affairs, Health). RIVM also participates in international scientific organisations that evaluate the risks of electromagnetic fields.