In The Netherlands a measles epidemic occurred from May 2013 until March 2014 in municipalities with low vaccine coverage (below 90 percent) against measles. Many of the people living in these areas belong to the Dutch Orthodox Reformed Church. For religious reasons they do not have their children vaccinated.
Medical devices are products which are covered by the Medical Devices Act. In practice, this comes down to all the equipment, software and consumables which are used in healthcare, with the exception of medicines. The National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) performs laboratory and desk research (eg. literature research and reviews of manufacturers’ product files) for medical devices, with patient safety as the primary focus.
The ‘Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus’ (MERS-CoV) is a fairly new type of coronavirus that was discovered in September 2012 and which may cause severe symptoms, in particular among people who suffer from underlying conditions. The virus owes its name to the region where it presented itself for the first time and where most cases have been found: the Middle East.
Research at the Modelling of Infectious Diseases unit addresses questions of public health relevance.
The unit assesses the degree of protection of the general population against outbreaks of vaccine-preventable infections, and conducts scenario analyses to inform the national pandemic preparedness plans. It reports to public health policy-makers at the ministries and to the Netherlands Health Council.