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Degradation rates in the environment: Extrapolation of standardized tests
[ Afbraaksnelheden in het milieu: Extrapolatie van gestandaardiseerde toetsen ]
Struijs J, van den Berg R

18 p in English   1992

RIVM Rapport 679102012
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English Abstract
Assessing the risk of chemicals for the environment requires an estimation of degradation rates in order to evaluate a realistic exposure concentration for organisms. As QSAR's (quantitative structure activity relationships) for degradation are far from generally applicable, methods are proposed to extrapolate results obtained from standardized degradation tests to the most relevant environmental compartments. The design of the OECD laboratory test methods is such that, at least at the screening level, almost general applicability is achieved. Inevitably, tests conditions do not reflect biodegradation in the real world. However, if data are available on biodegradation it appears that fror most chemicals references are made to one of those standardized OECD methods. The Evaluation System New Chemicals is still lacking a systematical procedure to translate the result of an OECD test (or a combination of test results) to transformation rates under realistic circumstances. In this report a methodology is presented to evaluate standardized test results to rate constants for degradation in a biological wastewater treatment plant, surface water and aerobic soil. The extrapolation of a positive result in OECD screening tests relies a.o. on the assumption that the half-life is inversely proportional to the total concentration of micro-organisms. A first attempt was made to validate this extrapolation by comparing results of reported field studies on biodegradation of 20 chemicals with positive results in OECD Ready Biodegradability tests.


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RIVM - Bilthoven - Nederland - www.rivm.nl
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
( 1992-07-31 )