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The Integrated Monitoring Area Lheebroekerzand - The Netherlands Data of 1997-1998-1999

Integraal Meetpunt Lheebroekerzand - Nederland Data van 1997-1998-1999


The International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems (ICP-IM) is an extensive monitoring programme with a large number of chemical, physical and biological variables. In this report the results of the last three years of monitoring in the Lheebroekerzand, Drenthe, carried out in the framework of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE) are presented. With the data collected in the field and the measurements in the laboratoria, a database is build up containing environmental information in relation to possible effects of air pollution on ecosystems for Europe and Canada. The objectives of this report are to collect and present the 1997, 1998 and 1999 monitoring data of the Netherlands, to inform participating organizations and volunteers and to close the period of monitoring by RIVM in the Lheebroekerzand. In the period from 1997 to 1999, the biological part of the integrated monitoring programme consisted of a regular inventory of vegetation, birds, epiphytes, leafminers and butterflies in the monitoring area, as well as inventories of the aquatic macrofauna present in the moorland pool Kliplo and observations on the performance of pine trees. The chemical-physical part included meteorological variables like temperature, humidity, the amount of precipitation and irradiation, together with chemical analysis of organic and inorganic compounds in air, precipitation, leaves, needles, mosses, soil, soilwater, groundwater and pool water. Comparing the data of chemical variables of different subprogrammes of 1997, 1998 and 1999 no clear trends can be recognized. However the monitored concentrations for SO4S in air, throughfall, stemflow and lake water seem to diminish in time. For concentrations of NO3N and NH4N in air and lake water the same conclusion can be drawn. This decrease in concentration can not be confirmed in rainwater. Concerning biological variables (Inventory of birds, Inventory of plants, Hydrobiology of lakes, Forest damage, Trunk epiphytes, Leafminers and Butterflies) nothing can be said about possible trends so far. However, it seems that the number of individuals for birds, macrofauna, leafminers and butterflies is decreasing in time. More years of sampling and analysis are required to draw conclusions on the applicability of these data. A data-analysis of all available data of the Lheebroekerzand is carried out and will be published in a separate report.

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