Consumer Product in vitro digestion model: bioaccessibility of contaminants from toys and application in risk assessment
Consumentenproducten in vitro digestie model: bioaccessibility van contaminanten en de toepassing hiervan in de risicobeoordeling
26 May 2012, PDF |
70 pages |
Oomen AG, Rompelberg CJM, Brandon EFA, van de Kamp E, Duits MR, Versantvoort CHM, van Engelen JGM, Sips AJAM
RIVM Report 320102004
There are only a limit number of regulatory standard for contaminants present in toys. These regulatory standards mainly concern metals. These regulatory standards are based on several assumptions, for example the amount of toy swallowed by a child. In addition, for other contaminants other than certain metals (e.g. lead) it is assumed that 100% of the contaminant in the toy will reach the blood circulation and thus can cause damage to tissues and organs. However, these assumptions are not realistic for each toy or contaminant.To come to a realistic risk assessment, methods are necessary for a more accurate estimation of the amount of contaminant that is released from a toy in case it is sucked on (for example teething ring) or parts are swallowed (like finger paint). Therefore, an in vitro digestion model was developed in the current project. The extent of release of the contaminant in the gastrointestinal tract from a toy matrix can be studied with this model (bioaccessible fraction) in case the toy is sucked on or parts are swallowed. Using this bioaccessible fraction, a realistic estimation of the amount of contaminant that reaches the tissues and organs can be made.The set-up of the in vitro digestion model was so that on the one hand the human physiology of the gastrointestinal tract is simulated as closely as possible and on the other hand that it is simple, fast and cheap method.