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Risk analysis land use : An assessment of the effects of land use

Risicoanalyse bodembreed : Een beoordeling van effecten van bodemgebruik


In the Netherlands the soil is used for many activities. At the request of the Dutch Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate (ILT) the effects of these activities on the soil and groundwater quality were assessed. This assessment provides ILT with information on the locations where the risks for soil and groundwater quality are highest. The inspectorate can then use this information to prioritize surveillance and enforcement measures. The assessment shows that agriculture and construction works (buildings and infrastructure) have the highest effects on soil and groundwater. In order of importance, these activities are followed by potential disasters with the mining of mineral resources.

Soil and groundwater are used for a wide range of activities that vary from the extraction of groundwater, the laying of cables and pipelines, to agriculture. These activities have an impact on the quality of the soil or groundwater. For example, soil organisms or the groundwater table may be affected. In cooperation with experts in the field, the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) has evaluated fifteen categories of activities for twelve types of effects.

Effect of the activity and the power of recovery
The assessment shows the level of the activity effect. Subsequently, this effect level was combined with the power of recovery in the soil or groundwater. The results of the assessments have been summarized in an overview. In addition, the results per activity are presented in a factsheet.

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