Rubber granulate is used on synthetic turf fields to give them the properties of a natural grass field. It is made from rubber tyres. RIVM was instructed by the Dutch Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport Edith Schippers (VWS) to conduct research into rubber granulate.
See how RIVM measures TNCO in smoke
The methodology of SPADE, comparison with other methods for habitual intake estimations, and applications of SPADE are described in various publications.