This document is an update of an earlier overview from May 2011 (RIVM 118/2011). It was prepared as part of a research project commissioned by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment of the Netherlands.
The information that forms the basis for this summary was obtained from searches of governmental and scientific websites, scientific publications, policy summaries by other organisations and personal contacts with experts in the countries in question. The information was last updated in the period from January to July 2017.
ESBL is an enzyme, produced by certain bacteria, which makes these bacteria resistant to antibiotics. Researchers from various institutes collaborating in a large consortium discovered that ESBLs occur frequently in livestock, the food chain, the environment and also in humans. However, ESBLs in livestock and meat were found to be genetically different from those in humans. This means that humans acquire ESBLs to a limited extent via livestock and through eating meat. The transmission mainly occurs between humans. These are the most important conclusions of the ESBLAT research consortium, part of the 1Health4Food programme in the area of animal and human health. The results will be presented during the ESBLAT symposium on 9 February.
Commitment lotteries can support overweight adults in their goal to exercise on a regular basis.That is the conclusion of a scientific study by Tilburg University, High Five Health Promotion and RIVM, that was published in Annals of Behavioral Medicine.
Tuberculose in Nederland, 2015
Het RIVM verzamelt, analyseert en rapporteert in nauwe samenwerking met de afdelingen tbc-bestrijding van de GGD en KNCV Tuberculosefonds gegevens over het vóórkomen van tuberculose in Nederland.