The environment

BPA is found in the environment in soil and surface water. BPA may be emitted into the environment through household waste, sewage and industrial discharges. In addition, BPA can end up in the environment by slow release from materials containing BPA, for example, outdoor furniture. At present, a study is being carried out on the contribution of these sources in Europe.


BPA concentrations in fresh and salt water are on average lower than exposure levels at which adverse effects are to be expected according to the current environmental quality standards for aquatic organisms. However, BPA concentrations have been found in sediments at various locations in Europe that could have an adverse effect on soil organisms, according to the current environmental quality standards for benthic organisms. 
The presence of BPA in the environment contributes very little to total exposure to BPA for consumers.

Possible sources of BPA exposure for the environment 

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