Hazardous material include:
- solid explosives (including fireworks, (homemade) bombs, dynamite, etc.)
- flammable substances (vapor, dust) such as organic matter, volatile solvents or commercial products containing volatile solvents, such as aerosols, paint, adhesives, thinners, gasoline, etc. or other vaporous or gaseous explosives (LPG, natural gas, acetylene, etc.)
With appliances, devices or objects that may be under pressure
- closed systems or vessels which normally operate under pressure or can be put under pressure during work (examples: gas cylinders and storage spheres, but also (car) tires, industrial cream syringes and empty vessels extorted as part of the production process)
- closed systems or vessels that at impact, or (regular or casual) warming may explode.
Accidents where the victim is working with hot liquids or other
hazardous substances in open drums/containers, or during work in
the immediate vicinity of these. With dangerous substances we mean
biological, radioactive, toxic, corrosive or irritant substances,
but also pots and pans with hot liquids, like liquid metal, cooking
oil, water, steam, coffee, tea, soup or extremely cold liquids.
With open containers we mean tanks, drums, containers, jugs,
buckets, pails, pans and bottles containing liquids not sealed (so
they are open or have lids that do not close the container
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Accidents where the victim during the work is involved in activities or situations where one can come into direct contact with hazardous substances. This involves cases with:
- the use of resources with harmful ingredients such as cleaners, paint solvents, degreasers, etc.
- the handling of potentially contaminated objects (eg hazardous substances on the outside of a container or other object) or the removal of hazardous substances (waste, contaminated soil, spills) or
- other activities where one can inadvertently may come into contact with a hazardous substance such as a hand in a vat of hot liquid, consuming food or beverages in the vicinity of hazardous substances, etc. This does not involve situations where the substance flows accidentally from a barrel or container.
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Accidents where the victim works with, or while working is in
the immediate vicinity of closed systems with hazardous substances.
With closed systems we mean: pipes, barrels, containers, hoses,
cylinders, boilers, tanks, tankers, etc., which normally are
closed. Hazardous substances are defined as biological materials,
radioactive, toxic, corrosive or irritant substances, hot and very
cold material and\or substances under high pressure to escape.
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Accidents where the victim:
- performs activities with fire risk or during work is in the immediate proximity of others that perform similar operations. These are activities where ignition sources are present or may arise from sparks or hot. Examples are working with welders, burners, grinders (hot work), but also cooking, drilling, sawing;
- uses or while working is in the immediate vicinity of (systems) flammable substances;
- while working is actively involved in firefighting and\or rescue activities in a fire (including fires which are lit for exercises).
factsheet (PDF, 332 KB)