Serious accidents can be prevented when more insight into the underlying causes is available. The analyses presented here zoom in on important factors and direct and underlying causes for all types of accident.

Moving into an object
Buried by bulk mass
Contact with extreme hot or cold surfaces or open flame
Contact with electricity


Moving into an object

These accidents include walking, jumping into, blown into, thrown into or otherwise moving into an object (blunt or sharp), while contact is not intended.
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Buried by bulk mass

Accidents where the victim works with solid bulk substances, or while working is in the immediate proximity of places where it is handled or stored. Examples of solid bulk materials are powders, granules, sand, earth, granulate, sand, dry concrete, ore, coke, coal, phosphates, fertilizer, grain and other substances in which one can suffocate or may become overwhelmed. This can occur when falling in a silo (or is struck by the outpouring of a silo) or working in a trench or embankment beside a wall of earth, clay or sand which can collapse or working on or near a heap or stack of such material.
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Contact with extreme hot or cold surfaces or open flame

Accidents where the victim works with, or while working is in the immediate vicinity of extreme hot or cold surfaces or open flames. Examples are products that are very hot or cold from the process, machines, exhaust systems, cooling equipment, furnaces, cooling water or condensate drain, heated parts (shafts, rods, bolts) etc. Open flames do not involve fire, but controlled flames, such as burners, furnaces, welders, etc.
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Contact with electricity

Accidents where the victim:

  • works with vehicles, cranes, hydraulic excavators or in the immediate vicinity of power lines, including overhead lines of trams and trains
  • uses electrical equipment during work. Think about tools, batteries, industrial equipment, office equipment, lighting
  • installs and\or fixes electrical systems or equipment while working. Think of installing and\or repair of: control boxes, distribution boards, switchboards, transformers, pipes, rails, lighting, plugs and sockets

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