As of 1 December, face masks are mandatory in all public buildings and covered spaces, in education, public transport and contact professions. The face mask requirement is based on the advice of the Dutch government of 30 September to wear a face mask in indoor public spaces. The basic rules remain in effect and are essential to slow the spread of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2: if you have cold symptoms, stay home and get tested; stay 1.5 metres from others; avoid crowded places; and follow the hygiene measures.

Do you work in healthcare? Then take a look at this page (in Dutch) about hygiene, face masks and personal protection in healthcare.

Non-medical face masks

It seems likely that face masks help prevent infecting others, but only to a limited extent. It remains important for everyone to comply with the  coronavirus measures and the basic rules. Stay at least 1.5 metres from others, avoid crowded places and if you have symptoms, stay home and get tested. Previous estimates indicated that a disproportionate number of people in public spaces would have to wear a face mask to prevent one single infection. However, the number of contagious people in the Netherlands has risen so significantly that this ratio of prevention is no longer so disproportionate. It will not be possible to state with certainty within the short term whether face masks do or do not have an additional effect.

Decision regarding the use of face masks

In an advisory report on 12 October, the OMT indicated its opinion that the discussion regarding the use of face masks was skewed. According to the OMT, the discussion itself had become more important than the possible significance of the face masks for public health. For that reason, the OMT asked policy-makers to reach a decision regarding the use of face masks.

Effectiveness of non-medical face masks

The effectiveness of a non-medical face mask depends very much on the quality of the materials, the fit on the face, and the way in which the user wears the face mask. RIVMNational Institute for Public Health and the Environment advises against using a vacuum cleaner bag or filter in a face mask (background document in Dutch). The term ‘face mask’ or ‘mouth covering’ is not quite specific enough; the mask must be worn over the mouth and nose in order to have an effect. 
See the frequently asked questions about face masks on government.nl.

Mouth shields (see photo) are not a suitable replacement for a face mask, because they do not provide adequate protection due to the open top.

Public transport exception 

Use of a non-medical face mask is required when you travel by public transport, since it is not possible to stay far enough apart in public transport. This obligation now also applies to other transport from A to B. 

Face masks when saying good-bye at home in the event of a death

If a family member who has COVID-19 (or is suspected of having the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2) is on their deathbed, you may want to say good-bye to them in person. In that case, you must protect yourself from catching the novel coronavirus. You must use a medical face mask that covers your mouth and nose. In case of physical contact, you must ensure proper hygiene: After physical contact and after the end of the visit, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, and then dry your hands well. If a direct family member with COVID-19 has been admitted to a healthcare institution, check with the doctor to see if it is possible to say good-bye.

Use of face shields

Information on how to use a face shield, also known as splash guard or splash protection, can be found on rijksoverheid.nl (in Dutch).  

No need for gloves in public spaces

There is no need to wear gloves in public spaces. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, and then dry your hands well. In any case, do this when you come in from outside, after you blow your nose, before preparing meals, before eating meals, and after you have used the toilet. Cough or sneeze into your elbow and touch your face as little as possible.