Cervical cancer is always caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). There are many variants of this virus. The HPV vaccine protects against the two variants that together are accountable for 70% of all cases of cervical cancer.
Screening for cervical cancer focuses on women between thirty and sixty years old. Once every five years, women in this age group are invited for participation. The aim of the screening is the early detection of cervical cancer and the conditions that lead to cervical cancer.