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Confidence Limits for Hazardous Concentrations Based on Logistically Distributed NOEC Toxicity Data
[ Betrouwbaarheidsgrenzen voor schadelijke concentratieniveau's op basis van logistisch verdeelde NOEC-toxiciteitsgegevens ]
Aldenberg T, Slob W

24 p in English   1991

RIVM Rapport 719102002
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Toon Nederlands

English Abstract
This paper deals with the calculation of Hazardous Concentrations of toxic substances from small sets of laboratory toxicity data, e.g. NOECs. A procedure due to Van Straalen and Denneman, as adapted from Kooijman (case n=1), in which one seeks a concentration that protects 95% of the biological species, is modified to account for the uncertainty in the estimates. New constants are obtained by simulation, that allow the calculation of the one-sided 95% left confidence limit of the Hazardous concentration, from the mean and standard deviation of a sample of toxicity data. This 95% confidence limit is always lower than the 95% certainty value calculated with the Kooijman (n=1)/Van Straalen method. We also derive constants to calculate a one-sided 50% confidence value, that overpredicts as often as it underpredicts. This value may be used as a best guess of the Hazardous Concentration. It will always be higher than the 95% certainty value of the Kooijman (n=1)/Van Straalen method. However, by using the 50% value, one runs the risk of protecting substantially less than 95% of the biological species.


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RIVM - Bilthoven - Nederland - www.rivm.nl
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
( 1991-05-31 )