Not all the information on our website has been updated according to the press conference on 27 May. We will update our information as soon as possible.
All measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19: Government.nl.
What can I do to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus?
- Wash your hands often with soap and water
- Cough and sneeze into your elbow
- Use paper tissues to blow your nose and discard them after use
- Do not shake hands
- Stay 1.5 metres (2 arms lengths) away from other people
- Work from home as much as possible.
Is the novel coronavirus spread through the air?
The novel coronavirus mainly spreads via the larger droplets that do not remain in the air for long and which normally do not spread over greater distances.
There is no clear evidence that the novel coronavirus is airborne in the smallest droplets that spread over greater distances. Furthermore, patients with the novel coronavirus infect on average between 2 and 4 new persons if no measures are taken (this is the infection rate: R0). This number is much higher when spread through the air. For example, one measles patient infects an average of 17 other people.
Whether spread through airborne small droplets and/or aerosols plays a role in singing or playing sports is currently being further investigated.
See also: ECDC risk assessment 23 april 2020 (pdf).
When should you call your GP?
Call your GP if you have a fever (above 38 degrees Celsius) and difficulty breathing.
Do not go to your GP or to the hospital, instead call the GP or the medical centre (huisartsenpost). If you are experiencing severe symptoms, contact a doctor immediately.
Why is the 1.5-m measure for young children less stringent?
This is because children play a smaller role in the spread of COVID-19 than adults. We know that there are few children with COVID-19 and that when children become ill, the disease is milder. Ongoing research suggests that the transmission of the virus from one child to another or from children to adults is less common. So going to school and playing outside is therefore possible.
Nevertheless, it is wise to limit contact between children from different groups, between children and parents and between parents themselves as much as possible. That is why the 1.5-meter measure should be applied as much as possible, especially between primary school pupils and teachers. It is also essential that children regularly wash their hands with soap and water, and cough and sneeze in the inside of the elbow.
When will someone be tested?
If people have symptoms that could indicate COVID-19, they should stay home until they have no symptoms for at least 24 hours. The doctor or GP can determine whether a test contributes to a patient’s treatment or care. If possible, the GP can test the patient himself or consult with the Municipal Public Health Service (GGD). Healthcare workers with symptoms that could indicate the novel coronavirus can be tested by the GGD. The GGD will follow the RIVMNational Institute for Public Health and the Environment guidelines.
Can COVID-19 cause a miscarriage?
Based on the limited data available there are no indications for an increased risk of miscarriage or pregnancy loss for women with a COVID-19 infection.
Can my pet become infected with the novel coronavirus?
There have been a few cases of pets infected with the novel coronavirus worldwide, including a dog and some cats in the Netherlands. In almost all cases, the pet owners were also ill and tested positive for the novel coronavirus. The chance of a pet becoming infected and then infecting another animal or human is very small compared to human-to-human infection.
Can I become infected with the coronavirus by touching a contaminated surface or object?
The chance of getting coronavirus by touching a surface or handling an object, such as a post package or flowers, is very small. The chance becomes even smaller if you wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your face with your hands. If the owner of the objects you have touched is ill, then wash your hands at the very first opportunity.
Can someone transmit the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) if they have no symptoms?
The novel coronavirus is transmitted through coughing and sneezing. The virus gets into the air through small droplets. Other people can become infected when they inhale the droplets, or when the droplets enter their mouth, nose or eyes via their hands. The sicker the person is, and the more the person coughs or sneezes, the more the virus can spread. There are indications that some people without symptoms can also be infectious. However, it is unclear to what extent they contribute to the total spread of the virus. Further research will provide more information about this.