Sewage as an indicator of public health
Sewage research is now being used to detect the coronavirus (SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome (severe acute respiratory syndrome)-CoV coronavirus (coronavirus)-2). This type of monitoring has been used for some time to detect poliovirus and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. RIVM is investigating options for expanding sewage research to include other data that could provide information about public health.
- Use of muscle-building supplements Anabolic steroids, sequestering agents*, weight-loss supplements*
- Drug use Heroin, cocaine, new party drugs
- Forensic research Drug production
- Smoking and drinking Nicotine, alcohol consumption
- Dangerous substances PFAS Per- en polyfluoralkylstoffen (Per- en polyfluoralkylstoffen ), substances of very high concern (SVHC substances of very high concern (substances of very high concern) / ZZS Zeer Zorgwekkende Stoffen (Zeer Zorgwekkende Stoffen )), pesticides, ame retardants*, new substances*
- Pathogens SARS-CoV-2, poliovirus, norovirus, antibiotic-resistant bacteria
- Non-communicable diseases Diabetes*, cancer*, allergies*
- Medication use Regimen compliance*, insight into over-the-counter medicines*
- Nutrition Mycotoxins, vitamins*, isoflavones*
- Obesity Biomarkers correlated to BMI Body Mass Index (Body Mass Index)
- Personal hygiene and care products Microplastics, parabens*, UV ultraviolet (ultraviolet) filters*
- A healthy lifestyle Oxidative stress*
*These parameters are not yet used in sewage research. Further research is needed to determine whether this is possible.