Some groups of people have a higher risk of severe illness resulting from the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. They are particularly vulnerable. People who are at higher risk can take their own measures to protect themselves, without restricting contact with others more than necessary.



Most people are well protected against severe illness after vaccination against COVID-19. People who have a higher risk of severe COVID-19 resulting from a health condition or medication use are therefore advised to get vaccinated.

Anyone over 12 is eligible to get the vaccination, from 3 months after the most recent COVID-19 vaccination or SARS-CoV-2 infection. Have you had a repeat vaccination since 19 September 2022? Then you do not need another one.

Maintain distance and avoid crowds

Distancing is the best way to avoid getting a respiratory infection. If you want to be extra careful, ask people to keep their distance. This is especially important if they have symptoms that could indicate a respiratory infection, such as flu or COVID-19.

Consider wearing a face mask that covers the mouth and nose (at least type II or IIR) in places where it is difficult to stay 1.5 metres apart. Do your shopping at quiet times as much as possible.

General recommendations

If you are in vulnerable health, or if you are visiting someone who is in vulnerable health, agree on precautions beforehand – such as distancing or wearing a face mask. If someone has respiratory symptoms (coughing, sneezing, sore throat and nasal cold), consider not visiting them, or wearing a face mask during the visit. These symptoms could be caused by COVID-19 or flu.

Remember the basic recommendations:

  • Cough and sneeze into your elbow.
  • Regularly wash your hands with soap and water.
  • Ensure a good flow of fresh air in indoor spaces.