This National Risk Assessment (NRA) describes threats that could disrupt Dutch society. Potential threats are identified and the risk they pose for national security is assessed in terms of both consequences and likelihood. The overview of the various threats and their associated risks can assist in the development of the National Security Strategy (NSS), as this requires insight into the main national security risks for the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the years ahead. The National Risk Assessment may be used as input for this strategy, as well as for resilience assessments and crisis management.