Title Authors Published in:
A genetic cluster of MDR Enterobacter cloacae complex ST78 harbouring a plasmid containing bla VIM-1 and mcr-9 in the Netherlands. APA Hendrickx, S Debast, M Perez-Vazquez, AF Schoffelen, DW Notermans, F Landman, CCH Wielders, JE Canada Garcia, J Flipse, A de Haan, S Witteveen,  M van Santen-Verheuvel, SC de Greeff, E Kuijper, LM Schouls JAC Antimicrob Resist 2021; 3(2):dlab046
A mandatory indication-registration tool in hospital electronic medical records enabling systematic evaluation and benchmarking of the quality of antimicrobial use: a feasibility study. AK van den Broek, BHH Beishuizen, EAF Haak, M Duyvendak, J ten Oever, C Sytsma, M van Triest, CCH Wielders, JM Prins Antimicrob Resit Infect Control 2021; 10(1):103
A model for the co-evolution of dynamic social networks and infectious disease dynamics. N Hunner, V Buskens, M Kretzschmar  Computational Social Networks 2021; 8(1):19
A new nomenclature for the livestock-associated Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex based on phylogenomics M Zwyer, C Cavusoglu, G Ghielmetti, ML Pacciarini, E Scaltriti, D van Soolingen, et al. Open Research Europe 1 (2021): 100.
A novel method to standardise serum IgA measurements shows an increased prevalence of IgA deficiency in young children with recurrent respiratory tract infections MH Koenen, M Bosma, UA Roorda, FM Wopereis, A Roos, E van der Vries, D Bogaert, EAM Sanders, et al. Clin Transl Immunology 2021;10(11):e1344
A one health glossary to support communication and information exchange between the human health, animal health and food safety sectors. T Buschhardt, T Günther, T Skjerdal, M Torpdhal, J Gethmann, ME Filippitzi, C Maassen, S Jore, J Ellis-Iversen, M Filter One Health 2021; 13:100263
A single dose of doxycycline after an Ixodes ricinus tick bite to prevent Lyme borreliosis: an open-label randomized controlled trial. MG Harm, A Hofhuis, H Sprong, SC Bennema, JA Ferreira, M Fonville, A Docters van Leeuwen, WJJ Assendelft, HCPM van Weert, W van Pelt, CC van den Wijngaard J Infect 2021; 82(1):98-104
Absence of association between 2019-20 influenza vaccination and COVID-19: Results of the European I-MOVE-COVID-19 primary care project, March-August 2020. E Kissling, M Hooiveld, M Brytting, AM Vilcu, M de Lange, I Martinez-Baz, F Dijkstra, et al. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2021; 15(4):429-38
Acceptability, feasibility, and likelihood of stakeholders implementing the novel BPaL regimen to treat extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis patients. SEJ van de Berg, PT Pelzer, AJ van der Land, E Abdrakhmanova, A Muhammed Ozi, M Arias, S van den Hof, et al. BMC Public Health 2021; 21(1):1404
Acute gastroenteritis disease burden in infants with medical risk conditions in the Netherlands.  JAP van Dongen, EDM Rouers, R Schuurman, MJM Bonten, P Bruijning-Verhagen Pediatr Infect Dis 2021; 40(4):300-5
An efficient molecular approach to distinguish chains of measles virus transmission in the elimination phase. R Bodewes, L Reijnen, F Zwagemaker, RHG Kohl, J Kerkhof, IK Veldhuijzen, R van Binnendijk Infect Genet Evol 2021; 91:104794
Annual dynamics of antimicrobials and resistance determinants in flocculent and aerobic granular sludge treatment systems.  R Pallares-Vega, L Hernandez Leal, BN Fletcher, E Vias-Torres, MCM van Loosdrecht, DG Weissbrodt, H Schmitt Water Res 2021; 190:116752
Annual tuberculosis preventive therapy for persons with HIV infection : a randomized trial. G Churchyard, V Cardena', V Chihota, K Mngad', M Sebe, W Brumskine, N Martinson, G Yimer, S-H Wang, S van den Hof, et.al. Ann Intern Med 2021; 174(10):1367-76
Antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment plants and transmission risks for employees and residents: The concept of the AWARE study. L Wengenroth, F Berglund, H Blaak, MC Chifiriuc, CF Flach, GG Pircalabioru, DGJ Larsson L Maretescu, MWJ van Passel, AM de Roda Husman, H Schmitt, et al. Antibiotics 2021; 10(5):478
Antibody responses to respiratory syncytial virus: a cross-sectional serosurveillance study in the Dutch population focusing on infants younger than 2 years.    G Berbers, L Mollema, F van der Klis, G den Hartog, R Schepp J Infect Dis 2021; 224(2):269-78
Applications and recruitment performance of web-based respondent-driven sampling: scoping review. YB Helsm, N Hamdiui, MEE Kretzschmar, LEC Rocha, JE van Steenbergen, A Timen, ML Stein, et al. J Med Intern Res 2021; 23(1):e17564
Apurinic/Apyrimidinic Endonuclease 1 Restricts the Internalization of Bacteria Into Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells Through the Inhibition of Rac1 G den Hartog, LD Butcher, AL Ablack, LA Pace, JNG Ablack, R Xiong, S Das, TS Stappenbeck, L Eckman, PB Ernst, SE Crowe Front Immunol 2021 ;11:553994 
Assessing training needs in infectious disease management at major ports, airports and ground-crossings in Europe. D de Rooij, E Belfroid, C Hadjichristodoulou, VA Mouchtouri, J Raab, A Timen BMC Public Health 2021; 21(1):1013
Association between Salmonella infection and colon cancer: a nationwide registry-based cohort study. JW Duijster, JV Hansen, E Franz, JJC Neefjes, M Fisch, L Mughini-Gras, S Ethelberg Epidemiol Infect 2021; 149:e56
Associations Between Measures of Social Distancing and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Seropositivity: A Nationwide Population-based Study in the Netherlands ERA Vos, M van Boven, G den Hartog, JA Backer, D Klinkenberg, CCE van Hagen, H Boshuizen, RS van Binnendijk, L Mollema, FRM van der Klis, HE de Melker Clin Infect Dis 2021 ;73(12):2318-2321
Asthma-associated long TSLP inhibits the production of IgA. D van Heerden, RS van Binnendijk, SAM Tromp, HFJ Savelkoul, RJ van Neerven, G den Hartog Int J Mol Sci 2021; 22(7):3592
Atmospheric dispersion and transmission of Legionella from wastewater treatment plants: A 6-year case-control study. LC Vermeulen, PS Brandsema, J van de Kassteele, BCJ Bom, HAM Sterk, FJ Sauter, HHJL van den Berg, AM de Roda Husman Int J Hyg Environ Health 2021; 237:113811 
Author Correction: Setting a baseline for global urban virome surveillance in sewage (Scientific Reports, (2020), 10, 1, (13748), 10.1038/s41598-020-69869-0) DF Nieuwenhuijse, BB Oude Munnik, MVT Phan, RS Hendriksen, A Bego, C Rees, EH Neilson, H Schmitt, M van Passel, et.al. Sci Rep 2021; 11(1):17446
Bacterial and Parasitic Pathogens as Risk Factors for Cancers in the Gastrointestinal Tract: A Review of Current Epidemiological Knowledge JW Duijster, E Franz, J Neefjes, L Mughini-Gras Front Microbiol 2021; 12:790256
Bayesian binary mixture models as a flexible alternative to cut-off analysis of ELISA results, a case study of Seoul orthohantavirus. A Swart, M Maas, A de Vries, T Cuperus, M Opsteegh Viruses 2021; 13(6):1155
Beehive products as bioindicators of antimicrobial resistance contamination in the environment A Laconi, R Tolosi, L Mughini Gras, M Mazzucato, N Ferr, F Capolongo, R Merlanti, A Piccirollo Sci Total Environ 2021; 22;151131
Benchmarking laboratory processes to characterise low-biomass respiratory microbiota. R Hasrat, J Kool, WAA de Steenhuijsen Piters, MLJN ChuS Kuiling, JA Groot, EM van Logchem, S Fuentes, E Franz, D Bogaert, T Bosch Sci Rep 2021; 11(1):17148
Berberine and Obatoclax inhibit SARS-Cov-2 replication in primary human nasal epithelial cells in vitro. FS Varghese, E van Woudenbergh, GJ Overheul, MJ Eleveld, L Kurver, N van Heerbeek, A van Laarhoven, P Miesen, G den Hartog, MI de Jonge, RP van Rij Viruses 2021; 13(2):282
bla OXA-48-like genome architecture among carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in the Netherlands. APA Hendrickx, F Landman, A de Haan, S Witteveen, MG van Santen-Verheuvel, LM Schouls Microb Genom 2021; 7(5) 
Blood RNA signature RISK4LEP predicts leprosy years before clinical onset. M Tio-Coma, SM Kielbasa, SJF van Eeden, H Meij, JC Roy, J Wallinga, et al. EBiomedicine 2021; 68:103379
Burden of disease methods: a guide to calculate COVID-19 disability-adjusted life years GMA Wyper, RMA Assuncao, E ColzaniI Grant, JA Haagsma, G Lagerweij, E van der Lippe, S McDonald, SM Pires, M Porst, N Speybroeck, B Devleesschauwer Int J Public Health 2021 ;66:619011
Burden of foodborne diseases: think global, act local. SM Pires, BN Desta, L Mughini-Gras, BT Mmbaga, OE Fayemi, EM Salvador, et el. Curr Opin Food Sci 2021; 39:152-9
Can previous associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TLR2, NOD1, CXCR5, and IL10 genes in the susceptibility to and severity of Chlamydia trachomatis infections be confirmed? JW Jukema, BM Hoenderboom, BHB van Benthem, MAB van der Sande, HJC de Vries, CJPA Hoebe, NHTM Dukers-Muijrers, CJ Bax, SA Morré, S Ouburg Pathogens 2021; 10(1):e48
Case series of four secondary mucormycosis infections in COVID-19 patients, the Netherlands, December 2020 to May 2021. JB Buil, ARH van Zanten, RGY Bentvelsen, TA Rijpstra, B Goorhuis, EJ Kuijper, PE Verweij, et al. Euro Surveill 2021; 26(23):pii.2100510
Changes in invasive pneumococcal disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 1 following introduction of PCV10 and PCV13: findings from the PSERENADE project. JC Bennett, MK Hetrich, MG Quesada, JN Sinkevitch, MD Knoll, DR Feikin, SL Zegr, EW Kagucia, AL Cohen, MJ Knol, et al. Microorganism 2021; 9(4):696
Changing socio-economic and ethnic disparities in influenza/A/H1N1 infection early in the 2009 UK epidemic: a descriptive analysis JD Munday, R Pebody, KE Atkins, AJ van Hoek BMC Infect Dis 2021;21(1):1243  
Chemokine profiling in children and adults with symptomatic and asymptomatic respiratory viral infections G den Hartog, THA Ederveen, PB Venkatasubramaniam, G Ferwerda, CH van den Kieboom, M Vissers, N Rots, et.al. J Infect 2021;83(6):709-37
Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoea, and Trichomonas vaginalis infections among pregnant women and male partners in Dutch midwifery practices: prevalence, risk factors, and perinatal outcomes ELM Op de Coul, D Peek, YWM van Weert, SA Morré, I Rours, C Hukkelhoven, A de Jonge, B van Benthem, M Pereboom Reprod Health 2021; 18(1):132
Circulation of Babesia species and their exposure to humans through Ixodes Ricinus. T Azagi, RI Jaarsma, A Docters van Leeuwen, M Fonville, M Maas, FFJ Franssen, M Kik, JM Rijks, MG Montizaan,  Pathogens 2021; 10(4):386
Circulation of Bordetella pertussis in the Caribbean Netherlands: a population-based seroepidemiological study. MM Immink, ERA Vos, AVA Janga-Jansen, S Baboe-Kalpoe, K Hulshof, J van Vloet, J Kerkhof, G den Hartog, HE de Melker, FRM van der Klis, NAT van der Maas Int J Infect Dis 2021; 111:21-7
Circulation of pertussis and poor protection against diphtheria among middle-aged adults in 18 European countries. G Berbers, P van Gageldonk, J van de Kassteele, U Wiedermann, I Desombere, T Dalby, J Toubiana, S Tsiodras, IP Ferencz, et al. Nat Commun 2021; 12(1):2871
Clinical evaluation of roche sd biosensor rapid antigen test for SARS-CoV-2 in municipal health service testing site, the Netherlands. Z Igloi, J Velzing, J van Beek, D van de Vijver, G Aron, R Ensing, K Benschop, W Han, et al. Emerg Infect Dis 2021; 27(5):1323-9
Clinical microbiology laboratories in low-resource settings, it is not only about equipment and reagents, but also good governance for sustainability. HFL Wertheim, HVT Lan, EJ Kuijper Clin Microbiol Infect 2021; 27(10):1389-1390
Co-detection of the measles vaccine and wild-type virus by real-time PCR: public health laboratory protocol KR Stanoeva, RHG Kohl, R Bodewes Access Microbiol 2021;3(11):000283
Collaborative studies for the detection of Taenia spp. infections in humans within CYSTINET, the European network on Taeniosis/Cysticercosis. MA Gomez-Morales, P Pezzotti, A Ludovisi, B Boufane, P Dorny, T Kortbeek, J Blochet, V Schmidt, V Amiti, et al. Microorganisms 2021; 9(6):1173
Collaborative tuberculosis/HIV activities in the European Region. G de Vries, S van de Berg, A van Dam, S Hasanova, M Pareek, MJ van der Werf, DN Podlekereva ERJ Open Res 2021; 7(1):00721-2020
Community-based HIV testing in The Netherlands: experiences of lay providers and end users at a rapid HIV test checkpoint N Krabbenborg, R Spijker, AM Zakowicz, M de Moraes, T Heijman, E Op de Coul AIDS Res Ther 2021; 18(1):34
Comparative genomics of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-Ec) reveals a similar distribution of the 10 most prevalent ESBL-Ec clones and ESBL genes among human community faecal and extra-intestinal infection isolates in the Netherlands (2014-17). TD Verschuuren, D van Hout, S Arredondo-Alonson, AC Fluit, EA Reuland, J Top, T Bosch, et al. J Antimicrob Chemother 2021; 776(4):901-8
Comparison of SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody testing of convalescent plasma donations in the Netherlands and England: A pilot study H Harvala, R Gopal, M Patel, M Zambon, D Roberts, A Lamikanra, M Hoogerwerf, C Reusken, et.al. Health Sci Rep 2021;4(4):e439
Comparison of the Performance of the PanBio COVID-19 Antigen Test in SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 (Alpha) Variants versus non-B.1.1.7 Variants ML van Ogtrop, TJW van de Laar, D Eggink, JW vanhommerig, WA van der Reijden Microbiol Spectr 2021 ; 9(3):e0088421 
Compromised DNA Repair Promotes the Accumulation of Regulatory T Cells With an Aging-Related Phenotype and Responsiveness DKJ Pieren, NAM Smits, S Imholz, B Nagarajah, CT van Oostrom, RMC Brandt, WP Vermeij, MET Dollé, T Guichelaar Frontiers Aging 2021; 2:667193
Consultations for influenza-like illness in primary care in The Netherlands: a regression approach.  FCK Dolk, PT de Boer, LN Mmath, GA Donker, A Meijer, MJ Postma, R Pitman Value Health 2021; 24(1):11-8
Correlation of vaccine responses. P Zimmermann, N Ritz, KP Perrett, NL Messina, FRM van der Klis, N Curtis Front Immunol 2021; 12:646677
Corrigendum to 'Responses to an acellular pertussis booster vaccination in children, adolescents, and young and older adults: A collaborative study in Finland, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom'. P Versteegen, MV Pinto, AM Barkoff, PGM Gageldonk, J van de Kassteele, MA van Houten, EAM Sanders, AM Buisman, GAM Berbers, et al. EBioMedicine 2021; 68:103420
Corrigendum to 'Should treatment of low-level rifampicin mono-resistant tuberculosis be different?' [JCTUBE 23 (2021) 100241] FA Gopie, E Sommiesie, WCM de Lange, D van Soolingen, SGS Vreden, G de Vries J Clin Tubercul Other Mycobact Dis 2021; 24:100245
Cost-effectiveness of maternal immunization against neonatal invasive Group B Streptococcus in the Netherlands. BA Hahn, B de Gier, MN van Kassel, MW Bijlsma, E van Leeuwen, J Wallinga, SJM Hahne, AJ van Hoek, et al. Vaccine 2021; 39(21):2876-85
Cost-effectiveness of two screening strategies for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae as part of the PrEP programme in the Netherlands: a modelling study. F van Wifferen, E Hoornenborg, MF Schim van der Loeff, J Heijne, AJ van Hoek Sex Transm Infect 2021; 97(8):607-12
Costs of a clinical pathway with point-of-care testing during influenza epidemic in a Dutch hospital.    SD Marbus, NC Onland-Moret, CH van Gils, RK Stellato, AMW Spijkerman, HSJ Picavet, FJM Broekmans, WMM Verschuren, YT van der Schouw Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2021; 15(2):202-5
COVID-19 symptoms: a case-control study, Portugal, March-April 2020. M Perez Duque, H Luccacioni, C Costa, R Marques, D Antunes, L Hansen, R Sa Machadp Epidemiol Infect 2021; 149:e54
COVID-19 vaccination: the VOICE for patients with cancer. AAM van der Veldt, SM Oosting, AMC Dingemans, RSN Fehrmann, C Geurts van Kessel, M Jalving, GF Rimmelzwaam, NY Rots, CACM van Els, D van Baarle, et al. Nat Med 2021; 27(4):568-9
Cross-reactive antibodies after SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination M Grobben, K van der Straten, PJM Brouwer, M Brinkkemper, P Maisonnasse, N Dereuddre-Bosquet, D Eggink, et al. Elife 2021; 10:e70330
Dairy sheep played a minor role in the 2005–2010 human q fever outbreak in the netherlands compared to dairy goats P Vellema, I Santman-Berends, F Dijkstra RIVM, E van Engelen, M Aalberts, C ter Borgt-Kappert, et.al.  Pathogens 2021;10(12):1579
De opkomst van variants of concern van SARS-CoV-2. E Vogelzang, B Voordouw, J Wallinga, D Klinkenberg, D Eggink, H Vennema, C Reusken Ned Tijdschr Med Microbiol 2021 29(2):69-75
Decreased production of epithelial-derived antimicrobial molecules at mucosal barriers during early life. KL Lokken-Toyli, WAA de Steenhuijsen-Piters, T Zangari, R Martel, K Kuipers, B Shopsin, C Loomis, D Bogaert, JN Weiser Mucosal Immun 2021; 14:1358–1368
Defining and managing COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis: the 2020 ECMM/ISHAM consensus criteria for research and clinical guidance. P Koehler, M Bassetti, A Chakrabarti, SCA Chen, A Lopez Colombo, M Hoenigl, PE Verweij, et al. Lancet Infect Dis 2021; 21(6):e149-62
Defining the seasonality of respiratory syncytial virus around the world: National and subnational surveillance data from 12 countries. L Staadegaard, S Caini, S Wangchuk, B Thapa, WA Ferreira de Almeide, FC de Carvalho, A Meijer, et al. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2021; 15(6):732-41
Delay in leprosy diagnosis - a multi-center, multi-country Asian study. E Post, W Brandsma, I Wagenaar, K Alam, V Shetty, S Husain, CRS Prakoeswa, M Shah, KB Tamang Leprosy Rev 2021; 92(1):29-37
Delayed rabies post-exposure prophylaxis treatment among Dutch travellers during their stay abroad: a comprehensive analysis L Verdoes, FS Luppino, J Wallinga, PLG Visser Journal of Travel Medicine 28 (3), taaa240
Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in European brown hares (Lepus europaeus) using three different methods. PM Lescizka, D Modry, H Sprong, M Fonville, J Pikula, V Piacek, T Heger, K Hrazdilova Zoonoses Public Health 2021; 68(8):917-925
Detection of Neisseria meningitidis in saliva and oropharyngeal samples from college students W Miellet, R Mariman, G Pluister, LJ de Jong, I Grift, S Wijkstra, EM van Logchem, J van Veldhuizen, MM Immink, AJ Wijmenga-Monsuur, NY Rots, EAM Sanders, T Bosch, K Trzcinski Sci Rep 2021;11(1):23138  
Determinants of HPV-vaccination uptake and subgroups with a lower uptake in the Netherlands. AC de MunterTM Schurink-van 't Klooste (rivm), rA van Lier (rivm)'R Akkermans , HE de Melker (rivm), WLM Ruijs (rivm) BMC Public Health 2021; 21(1):1848
Development of a Measles and Rubella Multiplex Bead Serological Assay for Assessing Population Immunity. MM Coughlin, Z Matson, SR Sowers, JW Priest, GP Smits, FRM van der Klis, A Mitchell, CJ Hickman, HM Scobie, et al. J Clin Microbiol 2021; 59(6):02716-20
Diagnostic accuracy of rapid antigen tests in asymptomatic and presymptomatic close contacts of individuals with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection: cross sectional study. E Schuit, IK Veldhuijzen, RP Venekamp, W van den Bijlaardt, SD Pas, EB Lodder, R Molenkamp, GJ Sips, KSM Benschop, S van den Hof, et al. BMJ 2021; 374:n1676
Diagnostic dilemma in COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis - Authors' reply. P Koehler, PL White, PE Verweij, OA Cornely Lancet Infect Dis 2021; 21(6):767-9
Difference in sensitivity between SARS-CoV-2-specific T cell assays in patients with underlying conditions. RD de Vries, M van der Heiden, D Geers, C Imhof, D van Baarle J Clin Invest 2021;131(24):e155499
Digging into Toxoplasma gondii infections via soil: A quantitative microbial risk assessment approach. H Deng, KE Exel, A Swart, AA Bonacic Marinovic, C Dam-Deisz, JWB van der Giessen, M Opsteegh Sci total Environ 2021; 755(2):143232
Distance as explanatory factor for sexual health centre utilization: an urban population-based study in the Netherlands. DE Twisk, B Meima, D Nieboer, JH Richardus, HM Götz Eur J Public Health 2021; 31(6):1241–1248
Distinct patterns of within-host virus populations between two subgroups of human respiratory syncytial virus. G-L Lin, SB Drysdale, MD Snape, D O'Connor, A Brown, G MacIntyre-Cocket, TE Mellado-Gomez, M de Cesare, M van den Berge, A Meijer, et.al. Nat Commun 2021; 12(1):5125
Do we need to change catheter-related bloodstream infection surveillance in the Netherlands? A qualitative study among infection prevention professionals. JDM Verberk, TII van der Kooi, LPG Derde, MJM Bonten, SC de Greef, MSM van Maurik BMJ Open 2021; 11(8):e046366
Dual-Use Quickscan: A Web-Based Tool to Assess the Dual-Use Potential of Life Science Research IM Vennis, MM Schaap, PAM Hogervorst, A de Bruin, S Schulpen, MA Boot, MWJ van Passel, SA Rutjes, DA Bleijs Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021;9:797076
Duur van kolonisatie met carbapenemaseproducerende Enterobacterales en dragerschap bij gezinsleden / IB 10-2021 Email author
WJM Niessen, J van de Boogaard, DW Notermans, L de Koning, J Groeneveld, M Vonk, A Ott
Infectieziekten Bulletin, oktober 2021
Dynamic public perceptions of the coronavirus disease crisis, the netherlands, 2020. M de Vries, L Claassen, MJM te Wierik, S van den Hof, AEM Brabers, JD de Jong, DRM Timmermans, A Timen Emerg Infect Dis 2021; 27(4):1098-109
Dynamics of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 in convalescent plasma donors M Steenhuis, G van Mierlo, NI Derksen, P Ooijevaar-de Heer, S Kruithof, C Reusken, J Reimerink, et al. Clin Transl Immunology  2021 ;10(5):e1285
Early childhood infections and body mass index in adolescence. AC Prins-van Ginkel, AH Wijga, PCJ Bruijning-Verhagen, B Brunekreef, U Gehring, W van der Hoek, GH Koppelman, L van Rossem, MAB van der Sande, HA Smit Int J Obes 2021; 45: 1143-51
Educational level and risk of sexually transmitted infections among clients of Dutch sexual health centres. I Slurink, HM Götz, F van Aar, BHB van Benthem Int J STD AIDS 2021; 32(11):1004-13
Effect of C reactive protein point-of-care testing on antibiotic prescribing for lower respiratory tract infections in nursing home residents: cluster randomised controlled trial. TM BoereL, W van Buul, RM Hopstaken, MW van Tulder, JWR Twisk, TJM Verheij, CMPM Hertogh BMJ 2021; 374:n2198
Effect of operational strategies on microbial water quality in small scale intermittent water supply systems: The case of Moamba, Mozambique. H van den Berg, MN Quaye, E Nguluve, J Schijven, G Ferrero Int J Hyg Environ Health 2021; 236:113764
Effectiveness and costs of interventions to reduce the within-farm Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence on pig farms in the Netherlands. DM Eppink, HJ Wisselink, IM Krijger, JWB van der Giessen, M Swanenburg, CPA van Wagenberg, MAPM van Asseldonk, M Bouwknegt Porcine Health Manag 2021; 7(1):44
Effects of clinical wastewater on the bacterial community structure from sewage to the environment. I Verburg, HPJ van Veelen, K Waar, JWA Rossen, AW Friedrich, L Hernandez Leal, S Garcia-Cobos, H Schmitt Microorganisms 2021; 9(4):718
Emergence and global spread of Listeria monocytogenes main clinical clonal complex A Moura, N Lefrancq, T Wirth, A Leclerq, V Borges, E Franz, et al. Sci Adv 2021 ;7(49):eabj9805
Emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern evade humoral immune responses from infection and vaccination. TG Caniels, I Bontjer, K van der Straten, M Poniman, JA Burger, B Appelman, AHA Lavell, M Oomen, GJ Godeke, RW Sanders, et al. Sci Advances 2021; 7(36):eabj5365
Ending risk-group HBV vaccination for MSM after the introduction of universal infant HBV vaccination: A mathematical modelling study. M Xirodou, M Visser, A Urbanus, A Matser, B van Benthem, I Veldhuijzen Vaccine 2021; 39(21):2867-75
Epidemiology and transmission characteristics of early COVID-19 cases, January 20 - March 19 2020, in Bavaria, Germany. S Bohm, T Woudenberg, D Chen, DV Marosevic, MM Bohmer, L Hansen, J Wallinga, A Singh, K Katz Epidemiol Infect 2021; 149:e65
Epidemiology of anal human papillomavirus infection and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in 29 900 men according to HIV status, sexuality, and age: a collaborative pooled analysis of 64 studies. F Wei, MM Gaisa, GD D'Souza, N Xia, AR Giuliano, SE Hawes, L Gao, SH Cheng, MG Dona, SE Goldstone, M Schimm van der Loeff, PJ Woestenberg, et al. Lancet HIV 2021; 8(9):e531-43
Erratum: Increase in invasive disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae b, the Netherlands, 2020 to 2021 A Steens, KR Stanoeva, MJ Knol, R Mariman, HE de Melker, NM van Sorge Eurosurveillance 2021; 26(42): 2100956 
ESBL/pAmpC-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae carriage among veterinary healthcare workers in the Netherlands. AP Meijs, EF Gijsbers, PD Hengeveld, CM Dierikx, SC de Greeff, E van Duijkeren Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2021;10(1):147
Estimating regional prevalence of chronic hepatitis C with a capture-recapture analysis. PAM Kracht, JE Arends, AIM Hoepelman, MEE Kretzschmar BMC Infect Dis 2021; 21(1):640
Estimating the asymptomatic proportion of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the general population: Analysis of nationwide serosurvey data in the Netherlands. McDonald SA, F Miura, ERA Vos, M van Boven, HE de Melker, FRM van der Klis, RS van Binnendijk, G den Hartog, J Wallinga Eur J Epidemiol 2021; 36(7):735-9
Estimating the direct effect of human papillomavirus vaccination on the lifetime risk of screen-detected cervical precancer. F Inturissi, BI Lissenberg-Witte, NJ Veldhuijzen, JA Bogaards, C Ronco, CLJM Meijer, J Berkhof Int J Cancer 2021; 148(2):320-8
European data sources for computing burden of (potential) vaccine-preventable diseases in ageing adults. E Meroc, J Froberg, T Almasi, BA Winje, A Orrico-Sanchez, A Steens, SA McDonald, K Bollaerts, M Knol BMC Infect Dis 2022; 69(3):1319-1325
European non-polio enterovirus network: Introduction of hospital-based surveillance network to understand the true disease burden of non-polio enterovirus and parechovirus infections in Europe. H HarvalaK, SM Benschop, N Berginc, S Midgle, yK Wolthers, P Simmonds, S Feeney, JL Bailly, A Mirand. TK Fischer Microorganisms 2021; 9(9):1827
Evaluation of a standardised protocol to measure the disease burden of respiratory syncytial virus infection in young children in primary care. JJGT van Summeren, C Rizzo, M Hooiveld, JC Korevaar, JMT Hendriksen, A Meijer, et al. BMC Infect Dis 2021; 21(1):705
Evaluation of non-specific effects of human rotavirus vaccination in medical risk infants. JAP van Dongen, EDM Rouer, sMJM Bonten, PCJ Bruijning-Verhagen Vaccine 2021; 39(1):6151-6
Examining the distribution and impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the capsular locus of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A. DW Arends, WR Miellet, JD Langeris, THA Ederveen, CE van der Gaast-de Jongh, M van Scherpenzeel, MJ Knol, EAM Sanders, HJ Bootsma, et al. Infect Immun 2021; 89(11):e0024621
Excess deaths during influenza and coronavirus disease and infection-fatality rate for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the Netherlands. L van Asten, CN Harmsen, L Stoeldraijer, D Klinkenberg, A Teirlinck, MMA de Lange, A Meijer, J van de Kassteele, AB van Gageldonk-Lafeber, S van den Hof, W van der Hoek Emerg Infect Dis 2021; 27(2):411-20
Exploring determinants of hand hygiene compliance in LTCFs: a qualitative study using Flottorps' integrated checklist of determinants of practice. D Lescure, A Haenen, S de Greeff, A Vos, A Huis, M Hulscher Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2021; 10(1):14
Exponential growth, high prevalence of SARS-CoV-2, and vaccine effectiveness associated with the Delta variant P Elliott, D Haw, H Wang, O Eales, CE Walters, KEC Ainslie, et.al. Science 2021;374(6574):eabl9551
Exposure to tick-borne encephalitis virus among nature management workers in the Netherlands. A Hofhuis, OE van den Berg, FS Meerstad-Rombach, CC van den Wijngaard, NH Chung, E Franz, JHJ Reimerink Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2021; 12(5):101762
Extended spectrum beta-lactamase Escherichia coli in river waters collected from two cities in Ghana, 2018-2020. RA Banu, JM Alvarez, AJ Reid, W Enbiale, AK Labi, EDO Ansa, MO Akrong, H Schmitt, et al. Trop Med Infect Dis 2021; 6(2):105
Factors affecting antibody responses to immunizations in infants born to women immunized against pertussis in pregnancy and unimmunized women: Individual-Participant Data Meta-analysis. B Abu-Raya, K Maertens, FM Munoz, P Zimmermann, N Curtis, SA Halperin, N Rot, sD Barug, et al. Vaccine 2021 ; 39(44):6545-52
Fecal microbiota transplantation influences procarcinogenic Escherichia coli in recipient recurrent Clostridioides difficile patients. S Nooij, QR Ducarmon, JFJ Laros, RD Zwittink, JM Norman, WK Smits, EJ Kuijper, et al.

Gastroenterology 2021; 161(4):1218-1228.e5
GAVeCeLT-WoCoVA Consensus on subcutaneously anchored securement devices for the securement of venous catheters: Current evidence and recommendations for future research. E Pinelli, M Pittiruti, T van Boxtel, G Barone, G Capozzoli, A Crocoli, S Elli, D Elisei, A Fabiani, C Garrino; et al. J Vasc Access 2021; 22(5):716-725
Genetic analysis reveals differences in CD8 + T cell epitope regions that may impact cross-reactivity of vaccine-induced T cells against wild-type mumps viruses. P Kaaijk, ME Emmelot, J Kerkhof, CACM van Else, HD Meiring, J de Wit, R Bodewes Vaccines 2021; 9(7):699
Genomic characterization of hlyF-positive Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, Italy and the Netherlands, 2000-2019. F Gigliucci, AHAM van Hoek, P Chiani, A Knijn, F Minelli,G Scavia, E Franz, S Morabito, V Michelacci Emerg Infect Dis 2021; 27(3):853-61
Geographical distribution and genetic diversity of Bank Vole hepaciviruses in Europe. J Schneider, B Hoffmann, C Fevola, ML Schmidt, C Imholt, S Fischer, C Reusken, et al. Viruses 2021; 13(7):1258
Governance aspects of large-scale implementation of automated surveillance of healthcare-associated infections. SM van Rooden, O Aspevall, E Carrara, S Gubbels, A Johansson, JC Lucet, S Mookerjee, ZR Palacios-Baena, et al. Clin Microbiol Infect 2021; 27(supp 1):S20-8
Guidelines for analysis of low-frequency antigen-specific T cell results: Dye-based proliferation assay vs 3 H-thymidine incorporation. D di Blasi, I Claessen, AW Turksma, J van Beek, A ten Brinke J Immunol Methods 2021; 487:112907
Haem is crucial for medium-dependent metronidazole resistance in clinical isolates of Clostridioides difficile. IM Boekhoud, I Sidorov, S Nooij, C Harmanus, IMJG Bos-Sanders, EJ Kuijper, et al. J Antimicrob Chemother 2021; 76(7):1731-40
HCV micro-elimination in individuals with HIV in the Netherlands 4 years after universal access to direct-acting antivirals: a retrospective cohort study C Smit, A Boyd, BJA Rinders, TJW van de Laar, EM Leyten, ELM Op de Coul, et al. Lancet HIV. 2021 Feb;8(2):e96-e105
Health technology assessment applied to emergency preparedness: a new perspective. A Miglietta, C de Waure, C Chroniaki, C Wild, C Favaretti, A Timen, M Edelstein, E Petelos Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2021; 37(1):e77
Healthcare workers' perceptions and experiences of communicating with people over 50 years of age about vaccination: a qualitative evidence synthesis. C Glenton, B Carlsen, S Lewin, MD Wennekes, BA Winje, R Eilers Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021; 7:CD013706
Hedgehogs and squirrels as hosts of zoonotic Bartonella species. K Majerova, R Gutierrez, M Fonville, V Honig, P Papezik, L Hofmannova, H Sprong, et al. Pathogens 2021; 10(6):686
Hepatitis B screening among immigrants: how to successfully reach the Moroccan community. N Hamdiui, J van Steenbergen, LEC Rocha, A Meiberg, A Urbanus, NA Hammou, M van den Muijsenbergh, A Timen, ML Stein J Viral Hepat 2021; 28(12);1759-1762
Hepcidin-mediated hypoferremia disrupts immune responses to vaccination and infection. JN Frost, T Tan, M Abbas, SK Wideman, M Bonadonna, NU Stoffen, K Wray, B Kronsteiger, G Smits, DR Campagna, FRM van der Klis, et al. Med 2021; 2(2):164-79.e12
Heterologous Ad26.COV2.S prime and mRNA-based boost COVID-19 vaccination regimens: The SWITCH trial protocol RSG Sablerolles, A Goorhuis, CH Geurts van Kessel, RD de Vries, ALW Huckriede, MPG Koopmans, D van Baarle, et al. Front Immunol 2021;12:753319
High efficacy of therapeutic equine hyperimmune antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern. A Moreira-Soto, M Arguedas, H Brenes, W Bujan, A Correlas-Aguilar, C Diaz, A Echeverri, M Flores-Diaz, A Gome, zA Hernandez, M Herrera, G Leon, R Macaya, CBEM Reusken, et.al. Front Med 2021; 8:735853 
Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus in wild red foxes, the Netherlands, 2021. JM Rijks, P Hesseink, R Lollinga, P Wesselman, E Prins, M Weesendorp, R Engelsma, F Heutink, M Harders, H Kik, H Rozendaal, H van den Kerkhof, N Beerens Emerg Infect Dis 2021; 27(11)
Highly sensitive flow cytometry allows monitoring of changes in circulating immune cells in blood after Tdap booster vaccination. AM Diks, I Khatri, LEM Oosten, B de Mooij, RJ Groenland, C Teodosio, GAM Berbers, et al. Front Immunol 2021; 12:666953
Horsing around: Escherichia coli ST1250 of equine origin harboring epidemic IncHI1/ST9 plasmid with blaCTX-M-1and an operon for short-chain fructooligosaccharide metabolism. A Valcek, P Sismova, K Nesporova, S Overballe-Petersen, I Bitar, I Jambovora, A Kant, J Hrabak, E van Duijkeren, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2021; 65(5):e02556-20 
Hospital transmission of borderline oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus evaluated by whole-genome sequencing. MM Konstantinovski, KE Veldkamp, APM Lavrijsen, T Bosch, MEM Kraakman, S Nooij, ECJ Claas, J Gooskens J Med Microbiol 2021; 70(7)
Hotspots and correlates of soil-transmitted helminth infections in a Venezuelan rural community: which are the "wormy" houses?  RN Incani, ME Grillet, L Mughini-Gras J Infect 2021; 82(1):143-9 
Household decision-making for the MenACWY vaccination: How parents and adolescents deal with an adolescent vaccination decision C Oostdijk, K van Zoonen, WLM Ruijs, L Mollema Vaccine 2021; 39(31):4283-90
How do people perceive carbon capture and storage for industrial processes? Examining factors underlying public opinion in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. K Broecks, C Jack, E ter Mors, C Boomsma, S Shackley Energy Res Soc Sci 2021; 81:102236 
How to increase awareness of additional vaccinations; the case of maternal pertussis vaccination. K van Zoonen, WLM Ruijs, HE de Melker, MEJ Bongers, L Mollema BMC Public Health 2021; 21(1):1257
How to: prophylactic interventions for prevention of Clostridioides difficile infection. E Reigadas, J van Prehn, M Falcone, F Fitzpatrick, MJGT Vehreschild, EJ Kuiper, E Bouza Clin Microbiol Infect 2021; 27(12):1777-83
HPV vaccination to prevent recurrence of Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia in HIV+ MSM: a randomised, placebo-controlled multicentre trial. KCM Gosens, RP van der Zee, ML Siegenbeek-van Heukelom, VW Jongen, I Cairo, E van Eerden, H Pasmans, et al. AIDS 2021; 35(11): 1753-64
Humaan papillomavirusvaccinatie in Amsterdam: de invloed van etniciteit op vaccinatie-intentie onder ouders en hun dochters / IB 10-2021 VW Jongen, MF Schim van der Loeff, A Boyd, M Petrignani, M Prins, M van der Wal, A Nielen, H de Melker, JC Alberts Infectieziekten Bulletin, oktober 2021
Human papillomavirus genotype replacement: still too early to tell? I Man, S Vänskä, M Lehtinen, JA Bogaards J Infect Dis 2021; 224(3):481-91
Human papillomavirus vaccination in adults: impact, opportunities and challenges - a meeting report. DEN Waheed, J Schiller, M Stanley, EL Franco, Poljak M, S Kruger Kjaer, M del Pino, F van der Klis, et al. BMC Proc 2021; 15(suppl 7):16
Human papillomavirus vaccination uptake: a longitudinal study showing ethnic differences in the influence of the intention-to-vaccinate among parent-daughter dyads.    VW Jongen, MF Schim van der Loeff, A Boyd, M Petrignani, M Prins, M van der Wal, A Nielen, H de Melker, TGWM Paulussen, CJ Alberts Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021; 17(4):990-9
Human reading versus computer automated reading of chest X-rays in a tuberculosis screening programme in Romania. G de Vries, D Gainaru, S Keizer, B Mahler, I Radulescu, M Zamfirescu, I Abubakar Eur Respir J 2021; 58:2004628 
Hygiëne op zorgboerderijen, wat zijn factoren van invloed op infectierisico’s? / IB 10-2021 EM den Boogert, M Sijbers, A Bleumer, TF Duinhof, Y de Geus, T Veenstra, A van Lier, ASG van Dam Infectieziekten Bulletin, oktober 2021
Immunogenicity, duration of protection, effectiveness and safety of rubella containing vaccines: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis. J van den Boogaard, B de Gier, P de Oliveira Bressane Lima, S Desai, HE de Melker, SJM Hahné, IK Veldhuijzen Vaccine 2021; 39(6):889-900
Impact analysis of rotavirus vaccination in various geographic regions in Western Europe. JDM Verberk, ,JAP van DongenJ van de Kassteele, NJ AndrewsRD van Gaale ,SJM Hahné ,H Vennema, HE de Melker, P Bruijning-Verhagen , et al. Vaccine 2021 ; 39(45):6671-81
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on tuberculosis laboratory services in Europe.  V Nikolayesvsky, Y Holicka, D van Soolingen, MJ van der Werf, C Ködmön, E Surkova, D Hillemann, R Groenheit, D Cirillo Eur Resp J 2021; 57(1):2003890
Impact of influenza vaccination in the Netherlands, 2007-2016: Vaccinees consult their general practitioner for clinically diagnosed influenza, acute respiratory infections, and pneumonia more often than non-vaccinees. S Caini, J Paget, P Spreeuwenberg, JC Korevaar, A Meijer, M Hooiveld Plos One 2021; 16(5):e0249883
Impact of physical distancing measures against COVID-19 on contacts and mixing patterns: repeated cross-sectional surveys, the Netherlands, 2016-17, April 2020 and June 2020. JA Backer, L Mollema, ERA Vos, D Klinkenberg, FRM van der Klis, HE de Melker, S van den Hof, J Wallinga Euro Surveill 2021; 26(8): pii.2000994
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on human salmonellosis in the Netherlands. L Mughini-Gras; L Chanamé Pinedo ; R Pijnacker; M van den Beld: B Wit; K Veldman; T Bosch; E Franz Epidemiol Infect 2021 
Implementation of an ISO 17025 flexible scope in the phytosanitary field at the National Reference Centre in the Netherlands.    GCM van Leeuwen, S Bosman, MJ Edema, M van der Blom, AW Werkman EPPO Bull 2021; 50(3):549-56
Implications of the school-household network structure on SARS-CoV-2 transmission under school reopening strategies in England. JD Munday, K Sherratt, S Meakin, A Endo, CAB Pearson, J Hellewell, S Abbott, NI Bosse, J Wallinga, et al. Nat Commun 2021; 12(1):1942
Imported Hyalomma ticks in the Netherlands 2018-2020. M Uiterwijk, A Ibanez-Justicia, B van den Vossenberg, F Jacobs, P Overgaauw, R Nijsse, C Dabekaussen, A Stroo, H Sprong Parasit Vectors 2021; 14(1):244
Improving adherence to daily PrEP among MSM in Amsterdam by providing feedback via a mobile application. MAM van den Elshout, E Hoornenborg, RCA Achterberg, L Coyer, PL Anderson, U Davidovich, HJC de Vries, et al. AIDS 2021; 35(11):1823-34 
Inactivation of Trichinella muscle larvae at different time-temperature heating profiles simulating home-cooking. F Franssen, H Deng, A Swart, Bonacic Marinovic, X Liu, M Liu, J van der Giessen Exp Parasitol 2021; 224:108099
Incidence and mortality of necrotizing fasciitis in The Netherlands: the impact of group A Streptococcus. F Nawijn; B de Gier; DAH Brandwagt; RHH Groenwold; J Keizer; F Hietbrink BMC Infect Dis 2021;21(1):1217
Increase in invasive disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae b, the Netherlands, 2020 to 2021 A Steens, KR Stanoeva, MJ Knol, R Mariman, HE de Melker, NM van Sorge Eurosurveillance 2021;26(43): 2100830  
Increasing the efficiency of a national laboratory response to COVID-19; a nation-wide multicenter evaluation of 47 commercial SARS-CoV-2 immunoassays by 41 laboratories. MJC van den Berg, JL Murk, J Kluytmans, MPG Koopmans, J Reimerink, IHM van Loo, MCA Wegdam-Blans, C Reusken, et al. J Clin Microbiol 2021; 59(9):e00767-21
Influenza-like illness exacerbates pneumococcal carriage in older adults.  WR Miellet, J van Veldhuizen, MA Nicolae, R Mariman, HJ Bootsma, T Bosch, NY Rots, EAM Sanders, J van Beek, K Trzcinski  Clin Infect Dis 2021; 73(9):e2680-9
Information needs during an emerging outbreak of meningococcal W135 disease in the Netherlands: a study among teenagers, their parents and healthcare professionals. M de Vries, FR Coban, L Claassen, MJM te Wierink, DRM Timmermans, A Timen BMC Public Health 2021; 21(1):1540
Information technology aspects of large-scale implementation of automated surveillance of healthcare-associated infections. M Behnke, J Karlsson Valik, S Gubbels, D Teixeira, B Kristensen, M Abbas, SM van Rooden, P Gastmeier, SC de Greeff, MBG Koek, et al. Clin Microbiol Infect 2021; 27(supp1):S29-39
Integrating alternative social value judgments into cost-effectiveness analysis of vaccines: an application to varicella-zoster virus vaccination.    J Luyten, AJ van Hoek Value Health 2021: 24(1):41-9
Integrative transnational analysis to dissect tuberculosis transmission events along the migratory route from Africa to Europe. M Martinez-Liroa, R Jajou, V Mathys, A Martin, AM Cabibbe, A Valera, PJ Sola-Campoy, E Abascal, D van Soolingen, et al. J Travel Med 2021; 28(4):taab054
Invasive pneumococcal disease among adults with hematological and solid organ malignancies: a population-based cohort study. HM Garcia Garrido, MJ Knol, J Heijmans, NM van Sorge, EAM Sanders, HJ Klumpen, MP Grobusch, A Goorhuis Int J Infect Dis 2021; 106:237-45
Laboratory capacity assessments in 25 african countries at high risk of yellow fever, august-december 2018. BW Johnson, M Demanou, G Fall, JL Betoulle, C Obiekea, C Reusken, et al. Pan Afric Med J 2021; 38:402
Latent CMV infection is associated with lower influenza virus-specific memory T-cell frequencies, but not with an impaired T-cell response to acute influenza virus infection. SPH van den Berg, J Lanfermeijer, RHJ Jacobi, M Hendriks, M Vos, R van Schuijlenburg, NM Nanlohy, JAM Borgmans, J van Beek, D van Baarle, J de Wit Front Immunol 2021; 12:663664
Long COVID: grip op de aantallen en risicofactoren in Nederland / IB 10-2021 T van der Maaden, E Franz, AJ van Hoek, CC van den Wijngaard Infectieziekten Bulletin, oktober 2021
Longitudinal characterization of the mumps-specific HLA-A2 restricted T-cell response after mumps virus infection J Lanfermeijer, MM Kuhn, ME Emmelot, MCM Poelen, CACM van Els, D van Baarle, P Kaaijk, J de Wit, et.al. Vaccines 2021;9(12):1431
Low levels of respiratory syncytial virus activity in Europe during the 2020/21 season: what can we expect in the coming summer and autumn/winter? J van Summeren, A Meijer, G Aspelund, JS Casalegno, G Erna, U Huang, B Lina, AC Teirlinck, et al. Euro Surveill 2021; 26(29):pii.2100639
Mathematical modelling of Toxoplasma gondii transmission: A systematic review. H Deng, R Cummins, G Schares, C Trevisan, H Enemark, H Waap, JWB van der Giessen, M Opsteegh, et al. Food Waterborne Parasitol 2021; 22:e00102
Measles outbreak in complex emergency: estimating vaccine effectiveness and evaluation of the vaccination campaign in Borno State, Nigeria, 2019. AEJ Baptiste, J Wagai, R Luce, B Masresha, D Klinkenberg, I Veldhuijzen, J Oteri, S Hahne, EAM Sanders, et al. BMC Public Health 2021; 21(1):437
Measles seroprevalence among Dutch travelling families L Doornekamp, AD Comvalius, CH Geurts van Kessel, L Slobbe, SMJ Scherbeijn. PJJ van Genderen, RS van Binnendijk Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 ; 44:102194
Measles seroprevalence among Dutch travelling families L Doornekamp, AD Comvalius, CH Geurts van Kessel, SMJ Scherbeijn, PJJ van Genderen, RS van Binnendijk, ECM van Gorp, RL de Zwart, M Goeijenbier Travel Med Infect Dis 2021: 44:102194
Meningitis op basis van een autochtone infectie met westnijlvirus NJLM Taks, WH Bouvy, SFT Thijsen, JHJ Reimerink, CBEM Reusken, CFH Raven Tijdschr Infec 2021;16(4):133-6
Meningitis op basis van een autochtone infectie met westnijlvirus NJLM Taks, WH Bouvy, SFT Thijsen, JHJ Reimerink, CBEM Reusken, CFH Raven Tijdschr Neurol Neurochir 2021;122(4):175-9.
Menstrual blood CD146 + mesenchymal stem cells reduced fibrosis rate in the rat model of premature ovarian failure. NN Yamchi, R Rahbarghazi, A Miranda-Bedate, M Mahdipour, M Nouri, R Khanbabaee Cell Biochem Funct 2021; 39(8):998-1008
Meta-analysis of the clinical performance of commercial SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid and antibody tests up to 22 August 2020 I van Walle , K Leitmeyer , EK Broberg , et al.  Euro Surveill 2021; 26(45)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus argenteus in the Netherlands: not a new arrival. LEA Bank, T Bosch, LM Schouls, AJL Weersink, S Wtteveen, PFG Wolffs, RHT Nijhuis Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2021; 14:1583-5
Microbial and clinical factors are related to recurrence of symptoms after childhood lower respiratory tract infection. EM de Koff, WH Man, MA van Houten, AM Vlieger, MLJN Chu, EAM Sanders, D Bogaert ERJ Open Res 2021; 7(2):00939-2020
Microbial community composition and antimicrobial resistance in agricultural soils fertilized with livestock manure from conventional farming in Northern Italy.  A Laconi, L Mughini-Gras, R Tolosi, G Grilli, A Trocino, L Carraro, F di Cesare, P Cagnardi, A Piccirillo Sci Total Environ 2021; 780:143404
Microbial community networks across body sites are associated with susceptibility to respiratory infections in infants M Reyman, M Clerc, MA van Houten, K Arp, MLJN Chu, R Hasrat, EAM Sanders, et al. Commun Biol 2021;4(1):1233
Microbiota-associated risk factors for asymptomatic gut colonisation with multi-drug-resistant organisms in a Dutch nursing home. QR Ducarmon, EM Terveer, S Nooij, MN Bloem, KEW Vendrik, MAA Caljouw, IMJG Sanders, SM van Dorp, MG Wong, RD Zwitting, EJ Kuijper Genome Med 2021; 13(1):54
Mining public metagenomes for environmental surveillance of parasites: a proof of principle. FFJ Franssen, I Janse, D Janssen, SM Caccio, P Vatta, JWB van der Giessen, MwJ van Passel Front Microbiol 2021; 12:622356
Modelling the impact of tailored behavioural interventions on chlamydia transmission. DA van Wees, C den Daas, MEE Kretzschmar JCM Heijne Sci Rep 2021; 11(1):2148
Molecular epidemiology and evolutionary trajectory of emerging echovirus 30, Europe. KSM Benschot, EK Broberg, E Hodcroft, D Schmitz, J Albert, A Baicus, JL Bailly, G Baldvinsdottir, N Berginc, S Blomqvist, et al. Emerg Infect Dis 2021; 27(6):1616-26
Monitoring Recently Acquired HIV Infections in Amsterdam, The Netherlands: The Attribution of Test Locations I Slurink, F van de Baan, A van Sighem, A van Dam, T van de Laar, G de Bree, B van Benthem, E Op de Coul, for the Amsterdam RITA study group. Front Reprod Health 2021; (feb)
More than 10 years after introduction of an acellular pertussis vaccine in infancy: a cross-sectional serosurvey of pertussis in the Netherlands Wu J., Zhai Y., Liu G., Bosker T., Vijver M.G., Peijnenburg W.J.G.M. Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021; 10:100196 
Mortality following Clostridioides difficile infection in Europe: a retrospective multicenter case-control study. J Czepiel, M Krutova, A Mizrahi, N Khanafer, EA Enoch, M Patyi, A Deptula, A Agodi, X Nuvials, H Pituch, EL Kuijper, et al. Antibiotics 2021; 10(3):299
Mortality review as a tool to assess the contribution of healthcare-associated infections to death: results of a multicentre validity and reproducibility study, 11 European Union countries, 2017 to 2018. T van der Kooi, A Lepape, P Astagneau, C Suetens, MA Nicolaie, S de Greeff, I Lozoraitiene, J Czepiel, EJ Kuijper, et al. Euro Surveill 2021; 26(23):pii.2000052
Mortality, neurodevelopmental impairments, and economic outcomes after invasive group B streptococcal disease in early infancy in Denmark and the Netherlands: a national matched cohort study. E Horvat-Puho, MN van Kassel, BP Goncalves, B de Gier, SR Procter, P Pau, SJM Hahné, et al. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2021; 5(6):398-407
mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccination in patients receiving chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or chemoimmunotherapy for solid tumours: a prospective, multicentre, non-inferiority trial SF Oosting, AAM van der Veldt , CH Geurts-van Kessel , RS Fehrmann  , R van Binnendijk , G den Hartog , N Rots , D van Baarle  Lancet Oncol 2021; 22(12):1681-91
Nasopharyngeal microbiota profiles in rural Venezuelan children are associated with respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. LM Verhagen, IA Rivera-Olivera, M Clerc, MLJN Chu, J van Engelsdorp Gastelaars, MI kristensen, GAM Berbers, et al. Clin Infect Dis 2021; 72(2):212-21
National point prevalence study on carriage of multidrug-resistant microorganisms in Dutch long-term care facilities in 2018. E van Kleef, CCH Wielders, LM Schouls, SG Feenstra, CMPM Hertog, MJM Bonten, Y van Weert, A Tostmann, M van der Lubben, SC de Greeff J Antimicrob Chemother 2021; 76(6):1604-13
National surveillance pilot study unveils a multicenter, clonal outbreak of VIM-2-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa ST111 in the Netherlands between 2015 and 2017 J Pirzadian, MC Persoon, JA Severin, CHW Klaassen, SC de Greeff, MG Mennen, AF Schoffelen, CCH Wielders, S Witteveen, M van Santen-Verheuve, lLM Schouls, MC Vos, et al. Sci Rep 2021 11(1):21015
Nationwide seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 and identification of risk factors in the general population of the Netherlands during the first epidemic wave. ERA Vos, G den Hartog, RM Schepp, P Kaaijk, J van Vloet, K Helm, G Smits, A Wijmenga-Momensuur, JDM Verberk, M van Boven, RS van Binnendijk, HE de Melker, L Mollema, RFM van der Klis J Epidemiol Community Health 2021; 75:489-495
Nationwide surveillance reveals frequent detection of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in Dutch municipal wastewater. H Blaak, MA Kemper, H de Man, JPG van Leuken, JF Schijven, Mw/J van Passel, H Schmitt, AM de Roda Husman Sci Total Environ 2021; 776:145925 
Naturally circulating pertactin-deficient Bordetella pertussis strains induce distinct gene expression and inflammatory signatures in human dendritic cells. MM Kroes, A Miranda-Bedate, ES Hovingh, R Jacobi, C Schot, E Pupo, J de Wit, R Mariman, E Pinelli, et al. Emerg Microbes Infect 2021; 10(1):1358-68
Novel mumps virus epitopes reveal robust cytotoxic T cell responses after natural infection but not after vaccination. P Kaaij,, ME Emmelot, HD Meiring, CACM van Els, J de Wit Sci Rep 2021; 11(1):13664
Novel opportunities for NGS Next Generation Sequencing (Next Generation Sequencing)-based one health surveillance of foodborne viruses. M Desdouits, M de Graaf, S Strubbia, BB Oude Munnik, A Kroneman, FS le Guyader, MPG Koopmans One Health Outlook 2021; 2:14
Occupational exposure and risk of colon cancer: a nationwide registry study with emphasis on occupational exposure to zoonotic gastrointestinal pathogens. J Duijster, L Mughini-Gras, J Neefjes, E Franz BMJ Open 2021; 11(8):e50611
Occurrence of colibacillosis in broilers and its relationship with avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) population structure and molecular characteristics. I Apostolakos, A Laconi, L Mughini-Gras, OS Yapicier, A Piccirillo Front Vet Sci 2021; 8:737720
Occurrence of tick-borne pathogens in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks from Wester Ross, Northwest Scotland. F Olstoorn, H Sprong, M Fonville, M Rocchi, J Medlock, L Gilbert, J Ghazoul Parasit Vectors 2021; 14(1):430
Offering a choice of daily and event-driven preexposure prophylaxis for men who have sex with men in the Netherlands: a cost-effectiveness analysis. AJ van Hoek, M Reitsema, M Xiridou, A van Sighem, B van Benthem, J Wallinga, Y van Duynhoven, et al. AIDS 2021; 35(10):1677-82
Online respondent-driven detection for enhanced contact tracing of close-contact infectious diseases: benefits and barriers for public health practice. YB Helms, N Hamdiui, R Eilers, C Hoebe, N Dukers-Murijres, H van den Kerkhof, A Timen, ML Stein BMC Infect Dis 2021; 21(1):358
Opportunities and challenges in development of live biotherapeutic products to fight infections. QR Ducarmon, EJ Kuijper, B Olle J Infect Dis 2021; 223(Suppl 3):283-9
Optimal vaccine allocation for COVID-19 in the Netherlands: A data-driven prioritization. F MiuraK; Y Leung; D Klinkenberg; KEC Ainslie; J Wallinga PLoS Comput Biol 2021;17(12):e1009697 
Optimization of Notification Criteria for Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Surveillance, the Netherlands. IHM Friesema, S Kuiling, Z Igloi, E Franz Emerg Infect Dis 2021; 27(1(:258-61
Oropharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis in women; spontaneous clearance and cure after treatment (FemCure). NHTM Dukers-Muijrers, P Wolfs, M Lucchesi, HM Gotz, H de Vries, M Schim van der Loeff, SM Bruisten, CJPA Hoebe Sex Transm Infect 2021; 97(2):147-51
Outbreak of Central American born Shigella sonnei in two youth camps in Belgium in the summer of 2019. A van den Bossche, PJ Ceyssens, S Denayer, N Hammami, M van den Beld, TJ Dallmann, W Maatheus Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2021; 40:1573-7
Outbreak of COVID-19 on an industrial ship. E Fanoy, AE Ummels, V Schokkenbroek, B van Dijk, S Wiegmans, T Veentra, AA van der Eijk, RS Sikkema, A de Raad Int Marit Health 2021; 72(2):87-92
Outbreaks of mumps genotype G viruses in the Netherlands between October 2019 and March 2020: clusters associated with multiple introductions AH Shah, R Bodewes, L Reijnen, T Boelsums, CM Weller, EB Fano, yIK Veldhuijzen BMC Infect Dis 2021: 21:1035
Parents' perspectives and societal acceptance of implementation of newborn screening for SCID in the Netherlands.    M Blom, RGM Bredius, ME Jansen, G Weijman, EA Kemper, CL Vermont, IHIM Holink, WH Dik, EHBM Dekkers, PCJI Schielen, et al. J Clin Immunol 2021; 41:99-108
Partial protective effect of bivalent HPV16/18 vaccination against anogenital warts in a large cohort of Dutch primary care patients. PJ Woestenberg, AE Guevara Morel, JA Bogaards, M Hooiveld, TM van 't Schurink-Klooster, CJPA Hoebe, MAB van der Sande, BHB van Benthem Clin Infect Dis 2021; 73(2):291-7
Pathology and immunity after SARS-CoV-2 infection in male ferrets is affected by age and inoculation route Wu J., Zhai Y., Liu G., Bosker T., Vijver M.G., Peijnenburg W.J.G.M. Front Immunol 2021;12:750229
Pathology and pathogenesis of Eurasian blackbirds (Turdus merula) naturally infected with Usutu virus. G Gilia, G Agliani, BB Oude Munnink, R Sikkema, MT Mandara, E Lepri, M Kok, CBEM Reusken, et al. Viruses 2021; 13(8):1481
Patient and public engagement in decision-making regarding infectious disease outbreak management: an integrative review S Kemper, MEJ Bongers, E Slok, LJ Schoonmade, J Kupper, A Timen BMJ Glob Health  2021 Nov;6(11):e007340
Patterns and scales in infectious disease surveillance data. An exploratory data analysis approach LC Soetens Leiden: Universiteit Leiden, 2021
Performance of the Diasorin SARS-CoV-2 antigen detection assay on the LIAISON XL. N van der Moeren, VF Zwart, G Goderski, GT Rijkers, W van den Bijlaardt, J Veenemans, A Meijer, et al. J Clin Virol 2021; 141:104909
Persistence of Antibodies to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 in Relation to Symptoms in a Nationwide Prospective Study G den Hartog, ERA VoS, LL van den Hoogen, M van Boven, RM Schepp, G Smits, J van Vliet, L Woudstra, AJ Wijmenga-Monsuur, CCE van Hagen, EAM Sanders, HE de Melker, FRM van der Klis, RS van Binnendijk Clin Infect Dis 2021 ;73(12):2155-2162
Pitfalls in tick and tick-borne pathogens research, some recommendations and a call for data sharing. A Estrada-Pena, A Cevidanes, H Sprong, J Milan Pathogens 2021; 10(6):712
Population impact of girls-only HPV16/18 vaccination in the Netherlands: cross-protective and second-order herd effects. J Hoes, PJ Woestenberg, JA Bogaards, AJ King, HE de Melker, BHB van Benthem, et al. Clin infect Dis 2021; 72(5):e103-e111
Population-based serology reveals risk factors for RSV infection in children younger than 5 years. SP Andeweg, RM Schepp, J van de Kassteele, L Mollema, GAM Berbers, M van Boven Sci Rep 2021; 11(1):8953
Posaconazole inhibits multiple steps of the alphavirus replication cycle FS Varghese, F Meutiawati, M Teppor, S Jacobs, C de Keyzer, E van Woudenbergh, et al. Antiviral Res 2021 ;197:105223
Possible host-adaptation of SARS-CoV-2 due to improved ACE2 receptor binding in mink. MRA Welkers, AX Han, CBEM Reusken, D Eggink Virus Evol 2021; 7(1):veaa094
Potency of olorofim (F901318) compared to contemporary antifungal agents against clinical Aspergillus fumigatus isolates, and review of azole resistance phenotype and genotype epidemiology in China. H Su, M Zhu, CKM Tsui, H van der Lee, M Tehupeoiry-Kooreman, J Zoll, T Engel, L Li, J Zhu, Z Lu, Q Zhang, PE Verweij, S Deng Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2021; 65(5):e02546-20
PRAISE: providing a roadmap for automated infection surveillance in Europe. MSM van Mourik, SM van Rooden, M Abbas, O Aspevall, P Astagneau, MJM Bonten, E Carrara, SC de Greeff, MBG Koek, et al. Clin Microbiol Infect 2021; 27(supp1):S3-19
Predictive factors for vaccine failure to guide vaccination in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. MJM Jansen, AHW Bruns, FM Verduyn Lunel, RAP Raijmakers, RJ de Weijer, NM Nanlohy, GP Smits, D van Baarle, J Kuball Bone Marrow Transpl 2021; 56:2922–2928
Prevalence of persistent symptoms after treatment for lyme borreliosis: A prospective observational cohort study. J Ursinus, HD Vrijmoeth, MG Harms, AD Tulen, H Knoop, SA Gauw, TP Zomer, A Wong, IHM Friesema, YM Vermeeren, LAB Joosten, JW Hovius, BJ Kullberg, CC van den Wijngaard Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021; 6:100142 
Prevalence, risk factors and genetic traits of Salmonella Infantis in Dutch broiler flocks L Mughini Gras, AHAM van Hoek, T Cuperus, C Dam-Deisz, W van Overbeek, M van den Beld, B Wit, M Rappallini, B Wulling, sE Franz, J van der Giesse, nC Dierikx, M Opsteegh Vet Microbiol 2021;258:109120
Prevalence, risk factors and genetic traits of Salmonella Infantis in Dutch broiler flocks. L Mughini-Gras, AHAM van Hoek, T Cuperus, C Dam-Deisz, W van Overbeek, M van den Beld, T Wit, E Franz, J van der Giessen, C Dierikx, M Opsteegh Vet Microbiol 2021; 258:109120 
Prevention challenges with current perceptions of HIV burden among HIV-negative and never-tested men who have sex with men in the Netherlands: a mixed-methods study. HMI Zimmerman, WPH van Bilsen, A Boyd, M Prins, F van Harreveld, U Davidovic U J Int Aids Soc 2021; 24(8):e25715
Primary cutaneous melioidosis acquired in Nepal - Case report and literature review. SC Kuijpers, M Klouwens, KH de Jong, JCP Langeslag, S Kuipers, FAG Reubsaet, et al. Travel Med Infect Dis 2021; 42:102080
Proximity to livestock farms and exposure to livestock-related particulate matter are associated with lower probability of medication dispensing for obstructive airway  PM Post, D Houthuijs, HAM Sterk, M Marra, J van de Kassteele, A van Put, LAM Smit, W van der Hoek, E Lebret, I Hogerwerf Int J Hyg Environ Health 2021; 231:113651 
Publisher Correction: Distinct patterns of within-host virus populations between two subgroups of human respiratory syncytial virus (Nature Communications, (2021), 12, 1, (5125), 10.1038/s41467-021-25265-4) G-L Lin, SB Drysdale, MD Snape, D O'Connor, A Brown, G MacIntyre-Cockett, E Mellado-Gomez, M de Cesare, M van den Berge, et.al. Nature Communications 2021;12(1): 5971 
Pure neural leprosy-mind the diagnosis. W Brandsma, E Post, I Wagenaar, K Alam, V Shetty, S Husain, CRS Prakoeswa, M Shah, KB Tamang Leprosy Rev 2021; 92(1):38-46
Quantification of T-cell dynamics during latent cytomegalovirus infection in humans SPH van den Berg, LY Derksen, J Drylewicz, NM Nanlohy, L Beckers, J Lanfermeijer, SN Gessel RIVM, M Vos, D van Baarle, et al. PLoS Pathog 2021;17(12):e1010152 
Quantitative microbial risk assessment for airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 via breathing, speaking, singing, coughing, and sneezing. J Schijven, LC Vermeulen, A Swart, A Meijer, E Duijzer, AM de Roda Husman Environ Health Perspect 2021; 129(4):47002
Rabies risk behaviour in a cohort of Dutch travel clinic visitors: a retrospective analysis. M Croughts, GAL van den Hoogen, CAM van Jaarsveld, SE Bantjes, AT Pijtak-Radersma, MR Haverkate, CM Swaan, WLM Ruijs Travel Med Infect Dis 2021; 43:102102
Rapid reinfection with SARS-CoV-2 variant-of-concern Alpha detected in a nurse during an outbreak at a non-covid inpatient ward: lessons learned. J Koopsen, M Dekker, P Thung, M Jonges, H Vennema, T Leenstra, D Eggink, MRA Welkers, PAA Struijs, C Reusken, R van Mansfeld, MD de Jong, J SchinkelI, JB Spijkerman Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2021; 10(1):137
Real-time monitoring shows substantial excess all-cause mortality during second wave of COVID-19 in Europe, October to December 2020. SK Norgaard, LS Vestergaard, J Nielsen, L Richter, D Schmid, L van Asten, et al. Euro Surveill 2021; 26(2):pii.2002023
Recently acquired HIV infections and associated factors among men who have sex with men diagnosed at Dutch sexual health centres. I Slurink, F van Aar, S Parkkali, T Heijman, H Götz, K Kampman, Y van Weert, B van Benthem, T van de Laar, E Op de Coul Int J STD AIDS 2021;  2(10):946-956
Recommendations for respiratory syncytial virus surveillance at national level. AC Teirlinck, EK Broberg, A Stuwitz Berg, H Campbell, RM Reeves, A Meijer, et al. Eur Respir J 2021; 58(3):2003766
Recommendations for the introduction of metagenomic next-generation sequencing in clinical virology, part II: bioinformatic analysis and reporting. JJC de Vries, JR Brown, N Couto, M Beer, P le Mercier, I Sidorov, A Papa, N Fischer, BB Oude Munnik, C Rodriguez, D Schmitz, et al. J Clin Virol 2021; 138:104812
Red and fallow deer determine the density of Ixodes ricinus nymphs containing Anaplasma phagocytophilum. K Takumi, TR Hofmeester, H Sprong Parasit Vectors 2021; 14(1):59
Re-emergence of enterovirus D68 in Europe after easing the COVID-19 lockdown, September 2021 KSM Benschop , J Albert , A Anton , et al.  Euro Surveill 2021; 26(45)
Refinement of the cohesive information system towards a unified ontology of food terms for the public health organizations I Mangone, N Radomski, A di Pasquale, A Santurbano, P Calistri, C Camma, K Maassen In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings 2021; 29692021 Joint Ontology Workshops 2021 Episode VII: The Bolzano Summer of Knowledge, JOWO 2021, Bolzano 11-18 September 
Regulatory KIR+RA+ T cells accumulate with age and are highly activated during viral respiratory disease DKJ Pieren, NAM Smits, J Hoeboer, V Kandiah, RJ Postel, R Mariman, J van Beek, D van Baarle, J de Wit, T Guichelaar Aging Cell 2021; 20(6);e13372
Relapse in the first 8 weeks after onset of COVID-19 disease in outpatients: Viral reactivation or inflammatory rebound? M Buskemolen, K te Paske, J van Beek, T Kortbeek, H Götz, E Fanoy, S Feenstra, JH Richardus, A Vollaard J Infect 2021; 83(2):e6-8
Respiratory Pathogen Detection in Children: Saliva as a Diagnostic Specimen EM de Koff, S Euser, P Badoux, J Sluiter-Post, D Eggink, EAM Sanders, M van Houten Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021; 40(9):e351-3
Respiratory syncytial virus in young children: community cohort study integrating serological surveys, questionnaire and electronic health records, Born in Bradford cohort, England, 2008 to 2013. A Zylversteijn, L Pembrey, H Goldstein, G Berbers, R Schepp, F van der Klis, C Sande, et al. Euro Surveill 2021; 26(6):pii.2000023
Responses to an acellular pertussis booster vaccination in children, adolescents, and young and older adults: A collaborative study in Finland, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. P Versteegen, MV Pinto, AM Barkoff, PGM van Gageldonk, J van de Kassteele, MA van Houten, EAM Sanders, R de Groot, GAM Berbers, et al. EBioMedicine 2021; 65:103247
Review of long-term immunogenicity following HPV vaccination: Gaps in current knowledge. J Hoes, H Pasman, TM Schurink-van 't Klooster, FRM van der Klis, R Donken, J Berkhof, HE de Melker Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021; 17(6):626
Risk factors associated with the incidence of self-reported COVID-19-like illness: Data from a web-based syndromic surveillance system in the Netherlands. SA McDonald, CC van den Wijngaard, CCH Wielders, IHM Friesema, L Soetens, D Paolotti, S van den Hof, AJ van Hoek Epidemiol Infect 2021; 149:e129
Risk factors for antimicrobial resistance in turkey farms: a cross-sectional study in three European countries. M Hori, D Yang, P Joosten, P Munk, K Wadepohl, C Chauvin, G Moyano, H Schmitt, et al. Antibiotics 2021; 10(7):820
Risk factors for sporadic campylobacteriosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. P Fravalo, P Kooh, L Mughini-Gras, J David, A Thebault, V Cadavez, U Gonzales-Barron Microbial Risk Anal 2021; 17:100118 
Risk factors for sporadic infections caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JC Augustin, P Kooh, L Mughini-Gras, L Guillier, A Thebault, F Audit-Perrin, V Cadavez, U Gonzales-Barron, M Sanaa Microbial Risk Analysis 2021; 17: 100117
Riverine microplastic and microbial community compositions: A field study in the netherlands. L Mughini-Gras, RQJ van der Plaats, PWJJ van de Wielen, PS Bauerlein, AM de Roda Husman Water Res 2021; 192:116852
Robust innate responses to SARS-CoV-2 in children resolve faster than in adults without compromising adaptive immunity M Vono, A Huttner, S Lemeille, P Martinez-Murillo, B Meyer, GJ Godeke, C Reusken, et al. Cell Rep. 2021 Oct 5;37(1):109773
Robust innate responses to SARS-CoV-2 in children resolve faster than in adults without compromising adaptive immunity. M Vono, A Huttner, S Lemeille, P Martinez-Murillo, B Meyer, S Baggio, S Sharpa, GJ Godeke, C Reusken, et al. Cell Rep 2021; 37(1):109773
Role of self-stigma in pathways from HIV-related stigma to quality of life among people living with HIV. YL van der Kooij, A Kupkova, C den Daas, GEL van den Berk, MJG Kleene, HSE Janse, et al. AIDS Patient Care STDS 2021; 35(6):231-8
Rotavirus vaccine safety and effectiveness in infants with high-risk medical conditions JAP van Dongen, EDM Rouers, R Schuurman, C Band, SM Watkins, MA van Houten et al. Pediatrics 2021; 148(6):e20210151901
SARS-CoV-2 neutralising antibody testing in Europe: towards harmonisation of neutralising antibody titres for better use of convalescent plasma and comparability of trial data. D Nguyen, P Simmons, M Steenhuis, E Wouters, D Desmecht, M Gariglany, M Romano, JHJ  Reimerink, CBEM Reusken, et al. Euro Surveill 2021; 26(27):pii. 2100568
SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern partially escape humoral but not T-cell responses in COVID-19 convalescent donors and vaccinees. D Geers, MC Shamier, S Bogers, G den Hartog, L Gommers, NN Nieuwkoop, G Smts, RS van Binnendijk, et al. Sci Immunol 2021; 6(59):eabj1750
Seasonal patterns and spatial variation of Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) infections in Ixodes ricinus in the Netherlands. N Hartemink, AJH van Vliet, G Gort, F Gassner, F Jacobs, M Fonville, W Takken, H Sprong Parasit Vectors 2021; 14(1):121
Secrets of the hospital underbelly: patterns of abundance of antimicrobial resistance genes in hospital wastewater vary by specific antimicrobial and bacterial family. MR Perry, HC Lepper, L McNally, BA Wee, P Munk, A Warr, B Moore, P Kalima, C Philip, AM de Roda Husman, FM Aarestrup, MEJ Woolhouse, BAD van Bunnik Front Microbiol 2021; 12:703560
Selective flamingo medium for the isolation of Aspergillus fumigatus. J Zhang, AJM Debets, PE Verweij, SE Schoustra Microorganisms 2021; 9(6):1155
Seoul virus in pet and feeder rats in the Netherlands. T Cuperus, A de Vries, TE Hoornweg, M Fonville, RI Jaarsma, M Opsteegh, M Maas Viruses 2021; 13(3):443
Setting up laboratory based antimicrobial resistance surveillance in low- and middle-income countries; lessons learned from Georgia. L Malania, I Wagenaar, O Karatuna, AT Andrasavic, D Tseteteli, M Baidauri, P Imnadze, S Nahrgang, C Ruesen Clin Microbiol Infect 2021; 27(10):1409-13
Severity of respiratory infections with seasonal coronavirus is associated with viral and bacterial coinfections.   EM de Koff, MA van Houten, EAM Sanders, O Bogaert Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021; 40(1):e36-e39
Short report: The potential of PCR on skin flakes from bed linens for diagnosis of scabies in an outbreak. R Tjon-Kon-Fat, L Peckeu, S Hahne, E de Coster, W Tas, B Wintermans, A Bergmans, M Petrinani, E Fanoy Plos Negl Trop Dis 2021; 15(6):e0009485
Short term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on incidence of vaccine preventable diseases and participation in routine infant vaccinations in the Netherlands in the period March-September 2020. M Middeldrop, A van Lier, N van der Maas, I Veldhuijzen, W Freudenburg, NM van Sorge, EAM Sanders, MJ Knol, HE de Melker Vaccine 2021; 39(7):1039-43
Should treatment of low-level rifampicin mono-resistant tuberculosis be different? GA Gopie, E commiesie, S Baldi, M Kamst, D Kaur, WCM de Lange, R de Zwaan, D van Soolingen, G de Vries, et al. J Clin Tubercul Other Mycobact Dis 2021; 23:100222
Similar impact and replacement disease after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction in hospitalised children with invasive pneumococcal disease in Europe and North America. AA Palmu, P de Wals, M Toropainen, SN Ladhani, G Deceuninck, MJ Knol, EAM Sanders, E Miller Vaccine 2021; 39(11):1551-5
SOCRATES-CoMix: a platform for timely and open-source contact mixing data during and in between COVID-19 surges and interventions in over 20 European countries. F Verels, L Hermans, S Vercruysse, A Gimma, P ColettiJ, A Backer, KLM Wong, J Wambua, K van Zandvoort, L Willem, L Bogaardt, et.al. BMC Med 2021; 19(1):254
Sources and transmission routes of campylobacteriosis: a combined analysis of genome and exposure data. L Mughini-Gras, R Pijnacker, C Coipan, AC Mulder, A Fernandes Veludo, S de Rijk, AHAM van Hoek, S Kuiling, A Verbruggen, J van der Giessen, M Opsteegh, FM Schets, H Blaat, E Franz, et al. J Infect 2021; 82(2):216-26
Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections: diverging trends of meticillin-resistant and meticillin-susceptible isolates, EU European Union (European Union)/EEA, 2005 to 2018 C Gagliotti, LD Högberg, H Billström, T Eckmanns, CG Giske, J Monen, et al. Euro Surveill 2021 ; 26(46): pii.2002094
Stopping a polio outbreak in the midst of war: lessons from Syria. Mbaeyi, T Moran, Z Wadood, F Ather, E Sykes, J Nikulin, E Duizer, et al. Vaccine 2021; 39(28):3717-23
Strong Increase in Moxifloxacin Resistance Rate among Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates in China, 2007 to 2013 H Xia, Y Zheng, D Liu, B Zhao, Y Son, gX Ou, S van den Hof, F Cobelens Microbiol Spectr 2021 ; 9(3):e0040921
Study protocol of the PIMPI-project, a cohort study on acceptance, tolerability and immunogenicity of second trimester maternal pertussis immunization in relation to term and preterm infants. MM Immink, MN Bekker, HE de Melker, NY Rots, EAM Sanders, NAT van der Maas BMC Infect Dis 2021; 21(1):897
Surface chemistry-dependent antiviral activity of silver nanoparticles. TR Sinclair, S van den Hengel, B Rza, S Rutjes, AM de Roda Husman, W Peijnenburg, HDW Roesink, WM de Vos Nanotechnology 2021; 32(36)
Surveillance of foodborne parasitic diseases in Europe in a One Health approach. J van der Giessen, G Deksne, MA Gomez-Morales, K Troeli, J Gomes, S Sotiraki, et al. Parasite Epidemiol Control 2021; 13:e00205
Susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection among children and adolescents compared with adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  RM Viner, OT Mytton, C Bonell, GJ Melendez-Torres, J Ward, L Hudson, C Waddington, J Thomas, S Russell, F van der Klis, et al. JAMA Pediatr 2021;175(2):143-156
Systematic approach towards establishing a national inventory of dangerous pathogens IM Vennis, DA Bleijs, S Brizee, HHJL van den Berg, E Kampert, SA Rutjes, MWJ van Passel Global Health Action 2021: article: 1971866
Systematic approach towards establishing a National Inventory of Dangerous Pathogens. IM Vennis, DA Bleijs, S Brizee, HHJL van den Berg, E Kampert, SA Rutjes, MWJ van Passel Glob Health Action 2021; 14(1):1971866
Systematic screening for COVID-19 associated invasive aspergillosis in ICU patients by culture and PCR on tracheal aspirate. R van Grootveld, J van Paassen, MGJ de Boer, ECJ Claas, EJ Kuijper, MT van der Beek Mycoses 2021; 64(6):641-650
Targeted metagenomics reveals inferior resilience of farm soil resistome compared to soil microbiome after manure application. G Macedo, HPJ van Veelen, L Hernandez Leal, P van der Maas, D Heederik, D Mevius, A Bossers, H Schmitt Sci Total Environ 2021; 770:145399
Taskforce report on the diagnosis and clinical management of COVID-19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis. PE Verweij, RJM Brueggeman, E Azoulay, E Bassetti, S Blot, JB Buil, T Calandra, T Chiller, CJ Clancy, et al. Intensive Care Med 2021; 47(8):819-34
Temporal variations in respiratory syncytial virus epidemics, by virus subtype, 4 countries. L Staadegaard, A Meijer, AP Rodrigues, S Huang, C Cohen, C Demont, J van Summeren, S Caini, J Paget Emerg Infect Dis 2021; 27(5):1537-40
Test, trace, isolate: evidence for declining SARS-CoV-2 PCR sensitivity in a clinical cohort BJM Bergmans, CBEM Reusken, AJG van Oudheusden, GJ Godeke, AA Bonacic-Marinovic, E de Vries, J Reimerink, A Swart, et al. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2021;101(2):115392
Testing behaviour and positivity for SARS-CoV-2 infection: insights from web-based participatory surveillance in the Netherlands SA McDonald, LC Soetens, CMA Schipper, I Friesema, CC van den Wijngaard, A Teirlinck, N Neppelenbroek, S van den Hof, J Wallinga, AJ van Hoek BMJ Open 2021;11(12):e056077
The Burden of Living With HIV is Mostly Overestimated by HIV-Negative and Never-Tested Men Who Have Sex With Men HML Zimmermann, WPH van Bilsen, A Boy, dA Matser, F van Harreveld, U Davidovich AIDS Behav 2021;25(11):3804-3813
The consequences of the edge-effect in a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of Lyme neuroborreliosis. T van Gorkom, GHJ van Arkel, W Voet, SFT Thijsen, K Kremer J Clin Microbiol 2021;  59(8):e0328020
The effect of tetanus-diphtheria-acellular-pertussis immunization during pregnancy on infant antibody responses: individual-participant data meta-analysis. B Abu-Raya, K Maertens, FM Munoz, P Zimmermann, N Curtis, SA Halperin, N Rot, sD Barug, et al. Front Immunol 2021; 12:689394
The extent of carbapenemase-encoding genes in public genome sequences. I Janse, R Beeloo, A Swart, M Visser, L Schouls, E van Duijkeren, MWL van Passel Peer J 2021; 9:e11000
The genetic diversity of Rickettsiella symbionts in ixodes ricinus throughout Europe. A Garcia-Vozmediano, L Tomassone, M Fonville, L Bertolott, iD Heylen, ND Fabri, JM Medlock, AM Nijhof, KM Hansfor, dH Sprong, AI Krawczyk Microb Ecol 2021; advance online publication (ahead of print) 
The global epidemiology of RSV in community and hospitalized care: findings from 15 countries. L Staadegard, S Caini, S Wangchuk, B Thapa, WA Ferreira de  Almeida, FC de Carvalho, R Njouom, A Meijer, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis 2021; 8(7):ofab159
The importance of supplementary immunisation activities to prevent measles outbreaks during the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya. CN Mburu, J Ojal, R Chebet, D Akech, B Karia, G Smits, PGM van Gageldonk, FRM van der Klis, et al. BMC Med 2021; 19(1):35
The importance of systematic data collection, monitoring and evaluation of tuberculosis screening programmes of migrants arriving in low-incidence countries. G de Vries, J van den Boogaard, I Abubakar Lancet Reg health West Pac 2021; 10:100154
The initial QuantiFERON-Lyme prototype is unsuitable for European patients. ME Baarsma, FR van de Schoor, CC van den Wijngaard, LAB Joosten, BJ Kullberg, JW Hovius Clin Infect Dis 2021; 73(6):1125-6
The need for a holistic view on management of Clostridioides difficile infection. SM Wingen-Heimann, J von Prehn, EJ Kuijper, MGJT Vehreschild Clin Microbiol Infect 2021; 27(10):1383-5
The potential of using E. coli as an indicator for the surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the environment MF Anjum, H Schmitt, S Borjesson, TU Berendonk Curr Opin Microbiol 2021;64:152-158
The RECOVAC IR study: the immune response and safety of the mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine in patients with chronic kidney disease, on dialysis, or living with a kidney transplant MML Kho, MEJ Reinders, CC Baan, D van Baarle, FJ Bemelman, DA Diavatopoulos, RT Gansevoort, FRM van der Klis, MPG Koopmans, N Rots, RS van Binnendijk, G den Hartog, et al. Nephrol Dial Transolant 2021;  36(9):1761-4
The respiratory microbiota during and following mechanical ventilation for respiratory infections in children. EM de Koff, WH Man, MA van Houten, NJC Jansen, K Arp, R Hasrat, EAM Sanders, D Bogaert Eur Resp J 2021; 57(4):2002652
The rhythm of risk: sexual behaviour, PrEP use and HIV risk perception between 1999 and 2018 among men who have sex with men in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.  M Basen, C den Daas, JCM Heijne, A Boyd, U Davidovich, G Rozhnova, M Kretzschmar, A Matser AIDS Behav 2021; 25(6):1800-9
The role of peridomestic animals in the eco-epidemiology of anaplasma phagocytophilum. PM lesiczka, K Hrazdilova, K Majerova, M Fonville, H Sorong, V Honig, et al. Microb Ecol 2021; 82(3):602-612
The role of the media in the amplification of a contested health risk: Rubber granulate on sport fields. M de Vres, L Claassen, M te Wierik, E Das, M Mennen, A Timen, D Timmermans Risk Anal 2021; 41(11):1987-2002
The use of Faecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) in Europe: A Europe-wide survey SDM Baunwall, EM Terveer, JF Dahlerup, C Erikstrup, P Arkkila, EJ Kuijper, et al. Lancet Reg Health Eur  2021; 19;9:100181
The usefulness of two CXCL13 assays on cerebrospinal fluid for the diagnosis of Lyme neuroborreliosis, a retrospective study in a routine clinical setting. T van Gorkom, GHJ van Arkel, M Heron, W Voet, SFT Thijsen, K Kremer J Clin Microbiol 2021; 59(9):e00255-21
Ticking on Pandora's box: a prospective case-control study into 'other' tick-borne diseases D Hoornstra, MG Harms, SA Gauw, A Wagemakers, T Azagi, K Kremer, H Sprong, CC van den Wijngaard BMC Infect Dis 2021; 21(1):501
Time for change: Transitions between HIV risk levels and determinants of behavior change in men who have sex with men MGJ van Basten, DA van Wees, A Matser, A Boyd, G Rozhnova, C den Daas, MEE Kretzschmar, JCM Heijne PLoS ONE 2021;16(12):e0259913 
Tolerability of MenACWY-TT vaccination in adolescents in the Netherlands; a cross-sectional study. JM Kemmeren, L van Balveren, A Kant, HE de Melker BMC Public Health 2021; 21(1):1752
Towards a sensitive and accurate interpretation of molecular testing for SARS-CoV-2: a rapid review of 264 studies. KR Stanoeva, AA van der Wijk, A Meijer, TM Kortbeek, MPG Koopmans, CBEM Reusken Eur Surveill 2021; 26(10):pii.2001134
Toxoplasma gondii seropositivity in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. NJ de Bles, JEH van der Does, LM Kortbeek, A Hofhuisvan Grootheest,  GAM Vollaard, RA Schoevers, AM van Hemert, BWJH Penninx, N Rius-Ottenheim, EJ Giltay Brain Behav Immun Health 2021; 11:100197
Tracking the international spread of SARS-CoV-2 lineages B.1.1.7 and B.1.351/501Y-V2. A O'Tool, V Hill, A Watts, II Bogoch, K Khan, D Eggink, C Reusken, H Vennema, et al. Wellcome Open Res 2021; 6:121
Understanding MRSA Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) clonal competition within a UK hospital; the possible importance of density dependence. AS de Vos, SJ de Vlas, JA Lindsay, MEE Kretzschmar, GM Knight Epidemics 2021 7;37:100511
Universal risk assessment upon hospital admission for screening of carriage with multidrug-resistant microorganisms (MDRO) in a Dutch tertiary care centre (2016 - 2019). D van Hout, PCJ Bruijning-Verhagen, H Blok, A Troelstra, MJM Bonten J Hosp Infect 2021; 109:32-9
Unravelling the genetic diversity and relatedness of Echinococcus multilocularis isolates in Eurasia using the EmsB microsatellite nuclear marker. G Umhang, V Bastid, H Avsioglu, M Bujanic, O Bjelic Cabrilo, A Casulli, P Dorny, J van der Giessen, et al. Infect Genet Evol 2021; 92: 104863 
Untangling the governance of public health aspects of manure in the Netherlands S Dollman, L Vermeulen, AM de Roda Husman Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18(23):12472 
Use of a whole genome sequencing-based approach for Mycobacterium tuberculosis surveillance in Europe in 2017-2019: an ECDC pilot study. E Tagliani, R Anthony, TA Kohl, A de Neeling, V Nikolayesvkyy, C Ködmön, FP Maurer, S Niemann, D van Soolingen, MJ van der Werf, DM Cirillo Eur Respir J 2021; 57(1): 2002272
Use of antibiotics among residents living close to poultry or goat farms: A nationwide analysis in the Netherlands I Roof, W van der Hoek,  Oude Boerrigter CCH Wielders Antibiotics 2021; 10(11):1346
Use of targeted mobile X-ray screening and computer-aided detection software to identify tuberculosis among high-risk groups in Romania: descriptive results of the E-DETECT TB active case-finding project. B Mahler, G de Vries, R van Hest, D Gainaru, D Menezes, G Popescu, A Story, I Ahubakar BMJ Open 2021; 11(8):e045289
Vaccination attitudes, beliefs and behaviours among primary health care workers in northern Croatia. M Tomjenovic, P Petrovic, N Antoljank, L Hansen Vaccine 2021; 
Vaccine effectiveness against SARS-CoV-2 transmission and infections among household and other close contacts of confirmed cases, the Netherlands, February to May 2021. B de Gier, S Andeweg, R Joosten, R ter Schegget, N Smorenburg, J van de Kassteele, SJM Hahne, s van den Hof, HE de Melker, MJ Knol, et al. Euro Surveill 2021; 26(31):pii.2100640
Vaccine effectiveness against SARS-CoV-2 transmission to household contacts during dominance of Delta variant (B.1.617.2), the Netherlands, August to September 2021 B de Gier, S Andeweg, JA Backer, RIVM COVID-19 surveillance and epidemiology team, SJM Hahne, S van den Hof, HE de Melker, MJ Knol, et al. Euro Surveill 2021 Nov;26(44):pii.2100977
Vaccine effectiveness against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection in adults aged 65 years and older in primary care: I-MOVE-COVID-19 project, Europe, December 2020 to May 2021. E Kissling, M Hooiveld, V Sandonis-Martin, I Martinez-Baz, N William, AM Vilcu, A Meijer, et al. Euro Surveill 2021; 26(29):pii.2100670
Vaccine responses in adult hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients: A comprehensive review M Janssen, A Bruns, J Kuball, R Raijmakers, D van Baarle Cancers 2021;13(23):6140
Validation of an algorithm for semiautomated surveillance to detect deep surgical site infections after primary total hip or knee arthroplasty. A multicenter study JDM Verberk, SM van Rooden, JBG Koek, DJ Hetem, AE Smilde, WS Bril, RHRA Streefkerk, TEM Hopmans, MJM Bonten, SC de Greeff, MSM Mourik Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2021; 42(1):69-74
Variable sensitivity in molecular detection of SARS-CoV-2 in European Expert Laboratories: External Quality Assessment, June - July 2020.  C Fischer, R Mogling, A Melidou, A Kühne, EF Oliveira-Filho, T Wolff, CBEM Reusken, et al. J Clin Microbiol 2021; 59(3):e02676-20
Vitek® 2 MICs as first-line phenotypic screening method for carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa. E Sieswerde, T Bosch, JM Lankelma, LM Schouls, K van Dijk Future Microbiol 2021; 16(11):777-81
Wantai SARS-CoV-2-ELISA: een vergelijking tussen 33 Nederlandse laboratoria F Brouwer, M Hoogerwerg, JL Murk, A Brandenburg, M van den Beld, R Moegling, C Reusken, J Reimerink Tijdschrift Infectieziekten 2021;16(2):47-50
Westnijlvirus: virologie, epidemiologie, klinische beelden en diagnostiek JHJ Reimerink, MAH Braks, BCG Voordouw, CC van den Wijngaard, HCT van den Kerkhof, CBEM Reusken Tijdschrift Infectieziekten 2021;16(4):126-32. 
Where to go to in chlamydia control? From infection control towards infectious disease control. JEAM van Bergen, BM Hoenderboom, S David, F Deug, JCM Heijne, F van Aar, CJPA Hoebe, H Bos, NHTM Dukers-Muijrers, HM Gotz, N Low, BHB van Benthem, et al. Sex Transm Dis 2021; 97(7):501-6
Whole genome characterization of strains belonging to the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex and in silico analysis of TaqMan assays for detection in this heterogenous species complex. V Kurm, I Houwers, CE Coipan, P Bonants, C Waalwijk, T Lee, B Brancovics, J van der Wolf Eur J Plant Pathol 2021; 159: 593–613 
Wild ungulate species differ in their contribution to the transmission of Ixodes ricinus-borne pathogens. ND Fabri, H Sprong, TR Hofmeester, H Heesterbeek, BF Donnars, F Widema, F Ecke, JPGM Cromsigt Parasit Vectors 2021; 14(1):360
Within-farm transmission characteristics of bluetongue virus serotype 8 in cattle and sheep in the Netherlands, 2007-2008.  TJ Hagenaars, A Backx, EMA van Rooij, RMMI Vrouenraets, DM Bontje, A Bouma, ARW Elbers PLoS ONE 2021: 16(2):e0246565
Within-host evolutionary dynamics of seasonal and pandemic human influenza A viruses in young children. AX Han, ZC Garza, MRA Welkers, RM Vigeveno, ND Tran, TQ Mai Le, TP Quang, DT Dang, D Eggink, et.al. Elife 2021; 10:ë68917