Everyone aged 12 years and older can get the repeat vaccination against COVID-19, from 3 months after the most recent COVID-19 vaccination or if it has been 3 months since you had a possible SARS-CoV-2 infection. This is only possible after a completed basic series of COVID-19 vaccinations. The repeat vaccination helps you maintain extra protection against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and helps to prevent serious illness and hospital admission.

How can I make an appointment?

Everyone aged 12 years and older can get the repeat vaccination.

  • Are you 12 years old? You can only make an appointment by phone: call 0800-7070
  • Everyone older than 12 years can make an appointment online at www.planjeprik.nl, or by phone.  See where to get a walk-in vaccination without an appointment: www.prikkenzonderafspraak.nl

Government.nl: Which COVID-19 vaccine do I need and how can I get one on Government.nl.

See also

Government.nl: Repeat vaccination and updated vaccines as of 19 September on Government.nl.

FAQ about the repeat vaccination against COVID-19

There is no difference in the effects of a repeat vaccination and the booster vaccination. Both are intended to improve your immune response and offer extra protection against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Since 2022, the term ‘repeat vaccination’ has been used, because it clarifies that vaccinations may be repeated. How often it is needed will depend on how the coronavirus develops from here.

Everyone aged 12 years and older who completed the basic series of COVID-19 vaccinations can get the repeat vaccination. 

This is possible from 3 months after the most recent COVID-19 vaccination or if it has been 3 months since you had a possible SARS-CoV-2 infection.
 

Yes, you can schedule an appointment for the repeat vaccination from 3 months after the most recent COVID-19 vaccination or if it has been 3 months since you had a possible SARS-CoV-2 infection.

No, that is not necessary. Developments related to the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 are closely monitored. If the situation calls for it, the OMT on vaccination may give an advisory opinion on a possible new round of vaccination. That is not currently the case.

For the repeat vaccination, you will receive the updated mRNA vaccines (Pfizer or Moderna). In the autumn round of 2022, there is no differentiation between the different updated vaccines.

The updated mRNA vaccines against COVID-19, made by Moderna and Pfizer/BioNTech, have been adapted to offer better protection against multiple variants of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. The updated vaccines offer protection against the original Wuhan strain of the virus and against the current Omicron variant. For that reason, these are known as bivalent COVID-19 vaccines. After a repeat vaccination against COVID-19 with an updated vaccine, you are expected to have more effective protection against serious illness, hospital admission and mild infection with an Omicron variant, compared to the protection offered by vaccination with the original COVID-19 vaccine. 

We do not know yet. That depends on whether new variants of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 emerge, whether any new variants differ significantly from the Omicron variant, and how virulent those new variants are. 

Experts have not identified any serious safety concerns for these updated vaccines. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) authorised the vaccines for use from 12 September 2022. The bivalent vaccines work in the same way as the original mRNA vaccines. The only change is that the vaccine now contains two different mRNA codes, taken from the original Wuhan strain of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the current Omicron variant of the virus. The vaccines have been tested in small-scale clinical trials involving several hundred participants. These people reported the same kinds of side-effects as previous COVID-19 vaccinations: a sore arm, tiredness, a low-grade fever, one day of feeling poorly. All these side-effects had a short duration.

We do not yet know exactly how effective it will be. The repeat vaccination with the updated bivalent vaccines is expected to provide extra protection against serious illness during the winter months, especially for vulnerable people.

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has decided to authorise the updated vaccines for the European market for people aged 12 years and older, and has approved its use exclusively as a booster following a completed basic series of COVID-19 vaccinations. The original COVID-19 vaccines have been authorised for use as primary vaccinations and still offer effective protection against serious illness.

People may receive an invitation for the repeat vaccination against COVID-19 around the same time as their invitation for the annual flu vaccination. Your COVID-19 vaccination is administered by the Municipal Public Health Services (GGDs). Your seasonal flu vaccination is administered by your GP. That is why you will get different invitations. It is fine to get both vaccinations on the same day or close together. See the FAQ about the flu vaccine and COVID-19.

Yes, the immune system often responds more strongly if there is a longer time between two vaccinations. For this reason, there is an interval between the vaccinations.

It is advisable to observe an interval of at least 3 months between the last COVID-19 vaccination in the basic series and the next vaccination.

A repeat vaccination against COVID-19 helps your body produce many antibodies within a short time frame. This is necessary, because the immune response that you built up from previous COVID-19 vaccinations (including the basic series) is less likely to recognise the Omicron variant. This makes it easier for Omicron to evade your immune system. A repeat vaccination gives you high levels of antibodies against Omicron, so your immune system can more effectively recognise Omicron and protect you against it. This also applies if you have previously had a SARS-CoV-2 infection involving Omicron.

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has authorised the use of the Janssen vaccine for booster vaccinations. People in the Netherlands who cannot get a repeat vaccination with an mRNA vaccine for medical reasons, or do not want an mRNA vaccine as a repeat vaccination, can make an appointment for a repeat vaccination with Janssen. To do so, call: 0800-1295.

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) recently also authorised the use of the Novavax vaccine for repeat vaccination. People in the Netherlands who cannot get a repeat vaccination with an mRNA vaccine for medical reasons, or do not want an mRNA vaccine as a repeat vaccination, can make an appointment for a repeat vaccination with Novavax. To do so, call: 0800-0174. Novavax will be available as a repeat vaccination against COVID-19 from early November 2022 on.

Since an mRNA vaccine provides better protection, the preference is to use an mRNA vaccine as a repeat vaccination if non-medical reasons are involved. In addition, an mRNA vaccine is preferable, because the Janssen vaccine can cause a very rare but serious side-effect known as TTS. Informed consent will be used at the vaccination centre to ensure that people can make a decision after carefully considering the available information.

Both of the mRNA vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) can be used for a repeat vaccination. It does not matter which vaccine was used for previous vaccinations: Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca or Janssen.

Yes, you can get a repeat vaccination even if you already had COVID-19 and have completed the basic series and already had a previous booster or repeat vaccination against COVID-19. You can get a repeat vaccination from 3 months after the most recent COVID-19 vaccination or if it has been 3 months since you had a possible SARS-CoV-2 infection (after your last vaccination). The vaccination gives you better protection against becoming ill if you do get a SARS-CoV-2 infection, and makes you much less likely to be contagious for the people around you.

Yes. If you had COVID-19, and then had one vaccination, you completed the basic series of COVID-19 vaccinations. In that case, you can get a repeat vaccination 3 months after that one vaccination. 

Only if you had Janssen, which is a single-dose vaccine. If you had COVID-19 after your first vaccination with one of the other vaccines, you still need to get a second vaccination. That second vaccination completes the basic series of COVID-19 vaccinations. After that, you need to wait at least 3 months before getting a repeat vaccination. This applies to everyone aged 12 years and older.

The repeat vaccination against COVID-19 is effective 7 days after vaccination.

Side-effects may occur after a repeat vaccination against COVID-19, just the same as after previous COVID-19 vaccinations or other vaccinations. Side-effects such as fever, headache and tiredness occur after vaccination with COVID-19 vaccines in a significant proportion of those who are vaccinated. The Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb monitors side-effects and publishes the data on its website. 

Yes, the 15-minute waiting period (observation time) is recommended by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the WHO Strategic Advisory Group on Immunization (SAGE) for all COVID-19 vaccines, and that includes the repeat vaccination. The waiting period is also specified in the package leaflets for the vaccines.

If you are pregnant, you can still get the repeat vaccination against COVID-19. As a pregnant woman, you do have a higher risk of becoming seriously ill from COVID-19. This can have consequences for you and your child. The mRNA vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) have been found to be safe for pregnant women, and the repeat vaccination is recommended.

More information about COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy.

Please contact your GP. The GP may decide to give you a referral to an allergist, depending on the nature of the reaction that occurred during your last vaccination. The GP may also conclude that you can simply get a repeat vaccination from the Municipal Public Health Services (GGDs). 
If you are referred to an allergist, that specialist will assess whether you can get a repeat vaccination and if so, where: in hospital or from the GGD.