So far, studies have not found any evidence that COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy would have an adverse effect. As a precaution, given how little is currently known, vaccination is not currently recommended during pregnancy. The recommendation is to get vaccinated after your pregnancy. If you became pregnant between the first and second vaccinations, the recommendation is to get the second vaccination after your pregnancy.

Vaccination during pregnancy

Are you pregnant, and do you have any health conditions that put you at a higher risk of severe illness from COVID-19? Then the benefits of vaccination during pregnancy may outweigh the (theoretical) risks. Consult with your doctor about whether it would be better to get vaccinated after all.

Another reason to opt get vaccinated during pregnancy is if you are at risk of COVID-19 infection at work. The advice is to follow all the regulations at work as much as possible, and to use appropriate protective equipment, such as face masks that cover your nose and mouth. This will help you protect yourself, and minimise the risk of getting infected.

More information on COVID-19 vaccination in the context of pregnancy can be found in the position statement posted by the Dutch Society for Obstetrics and Gynaecology (NVOG).

If you are vaccinated during your pregnancy, please report it to Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb. Lareb conducts research on the safety of vaccinations and medicines during pregnancy. All pregnant women can participate in the study during their pregnancy through Mothers of Tomorrow.

Protection for the baby after the mother is vaccinated

Newborn infants are protected from infectious diseases by the antibodies they receive from their mothers through the placenta. These antibodies disappear slowly in the months after birth. We do not yet know if this also applies to antibodies after COVID-19 vaccination, but it does seem likely.

Fertility, IVF treatment and vaccination 

The vaccination has no impact on fertility or the growth and attachment of the placenta. This is evident from the toxicity studies conducted by all vaccine manufacturers.

Breastfeeding and vaccination

There are no indications the vaccine enters breast milk or reaches the child through breastfeeding.

No effect on the pill or other contraceptives

Vaccines have no effect on the efficacy of birth control pills or any other contraceptives. Conversely, the pill or other contraceptives do not affect how well the vaccine works.