The Netherlands has an extensive National Immunisation Programme to protect children against infectious diseases. The programme includes vaccination against 12 potentially fatal infectious diseases.

These difficult to treat and potentially fatal infectious diseases are:

Vaccination schedule National Immunisation Programme

Infants receive their first two vaccinations when they are between 6 and 9 weeks old. Their immune system is already capable of a vigorous response at that age. The timing of the vaccinations has been designed to offer the best protection. Very young babies are extremely vulnerable to infectious diseases such as whooping cough. A child usually receives two injections per visit. The vaccinations are administered in the thigh or upper arm.

It is essential that children complete the vaccination cycle as scheduled. If your child has not been vaccinated as scheduled, you need to seek medical advice to ensure that your child receives adequate protection.


Surveillance and developments

In 2017, about 760,000 children aged 0 to 19 years received a total of 2,140,000 vaccinations within the National Immunisation Programme. Participation in the National Immunisation Programme was high among children under 10 years of age, despite the drop by around 2-3% for most vaccinations since 2014. An exception in the high participation is the number of girls who were vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV), which has declined by 15% since 2016.

Picture of the infographic Report 2018 - 2019 National Immunisation Programme


Free of charge

The Immunisation Programme is free of charge. While participation is not compulsory, over 95% of parents consent to having their children vaccinated. The high vaccination rate means that these serious diseases have now become a rarity. We need to keep it that way by ensuring that children are vaccinated.