The Dutch Government aims to have established a circular economy in 2050. By 2030, the use of primary resources should have decreased by 50 per cent. How do we deal with hazardous substances in the resources cycle? What role does biomass play as a renewable resource? And how do we measure our progress on our way to 2050? RIVM provides answers to these questions.
Our economy is already circular in some respects: rubble from the building sector is used as the subsurface under our roads, and we recycle and re-use paper and plastic. Even so, not all our resource loops have been closed in safe and sustainable ways. It still takes a considerable amount of energy to recycle waste materials. Moreover, the presence of hazardous substances in discarded materials limits options for recycling. Finally, re-use is often not taken into account during product design.
Safe, healthy and sustainable
RIVM increases the quality of circular solutions. We help the business community and government authorities in making choices and resolving dilemmas.
- Creating safe and sustainable material loops in a circular economy : Proposal for a tiered modular framework to assess options for material recycling
- Waste handling and REACH : Recycling of materials containing SVHCs: daily practice challenges
- Developing Solution-focused Sustainability Assessments
- Substances of very high concern and the transition to a circular economy : An initial inventory
- Plastics that contain hazardous substances: recycle or incinerate?
- Recycling of waste streams containing human and veterinary pharmaceuticals : An overview of technological developments and possible consequences for pharmaceutical releases into the environment