Our economy is already circular in some respects: rubble from the building sector is used as the subsurface under our roads, and we recycle and re-use paper and plastic. Even so, not all our resource loops have been closed in safe and sustainable ways. It still takes a considerable amount of energy to recycle waste materials. Moreover, the presence of hazardous substances in discarded materials limits options for recycling. Finally, re-use is often not taken into account during product design.
Safe, healthy and sustainable
RIVM increases the quality of circular solutions. We help the business community and government authorities in making choices and resolving dilemmas.